Content - Volume 42, Issue 3

All articles

Effectiveness of exercise on work disability in patients with non-acute non-specific low back pain: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
Peter Oesch, Jan Kool, Kåre Birger Hagen, Stefan Bachmann
Objectives: To determine whether exercise is more effective than usual care to reduce work disability in patients with non-acute non-specific low back pain, and if so, to explore which type of exercise is most effective. Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials investigating the effectiveness of exercise in non-acute non-specific low back pain, and reporting o ...
Pages: 193-205
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Hannover model for the implementation of physical and rehabilitation medicine teaching in undergraduate medical training
Christoph Gutenbrunner, Jörg Schiller, Monika Schwarze, Volkhard Fischer, Volker Paulmann, Herrmann Haller, Gerald Küther
As any patient may require rehabilitation and physical therapies, all physicians need to acquire at least a basic knowledge of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM). In 2005 PRM teaching was implemented in all phases of the curriculum for medical students in Germany. The curriculum includes, among others, the following topics: principles of rehabilitation; the model of the International Class ...
Pages: 206-213
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Relationships between posterior shoulder muscle stiffness and rotation in patients with stiff shoulder
Cheng-Ju Hung, Ching-Lin Hsieh, Pey-Lin Yang, Jiu-Jenq Lin
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in muscle stiffness between subjects with stiff shoulders and controls, and to determine the correlation between posterior shoulder muscle stiffness and range of motion of rotation. Design: Prospective, cross-sectional study. Subjects: Twenty subjects with stiff shoulder and 20 healthy subjects. Methods: Range of motion of rotat ...
Pages: 216-220
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Development and preliminary reliability testing of an assessment of patient independence in performing a treatment program: Standardized scenarios
Marcie Harris-Hayes, Gregory W. Holtzman, Jeanne A. Earley, Linda R. Van Dillen
Background: Physical therapists often assess patient independence through observation; however, it is not known if therapists make these judgments reliably. We have deve­loped a standardized method to assess a patient’s ability to perform his or her treatment program independently. Objectives: To develop a standardized assessment of patient independence in performance of a treatment program a ...
Pages: 221-227
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Measurement of muscle strength with a handheld dynamometer in patients with chronic spinal muscular atrophy
Anna Febrer, Natalia Rodriguez, Laura Alias, Eduardo Tizzano
Objective: To measure muscle strength in patients with spinal muscular atrophy using a handheld dynamometer as an objective tool to evaluate the progression of disease and the outcome of therapeutic trials. Design: Maximum voluntary isometric contraction was measured in a group of 24 patients aged 5–38 years with types II and III spinal muscular atrophy. Four muscle groups were examined. Data ...
Pages: 228-231
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Ratio of early mitral inflow peak velocity to flow propagation velocity predicts training effects of cardiac rehabilitation in patients after acute myocardial infarction
Cheng-Chih Chung, Wei-Chun Huang, Kuan-Rau Chiou, Ko-Long Lin, Feng-Yu Kuo, Chin-Chang Cheng, Shih-Hung Hsiao, Chun-Peng Liu
Objective: To use the ratio of early mitral inflow peak velocity (E) to mitral flow propagation velocity (FPV) measured in the early phase of myocardial infarction (early phase E/FPV) to evaluate the training effects of 8 weeks’ cardiopulmonary rehabilitation in patients post-myocardial infarction. Design: Single-blinded, randomized control trial. Participants: Eighty-seven patients with acu ...
Pages: 232-238
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Creation and preliminary validation of the screening for self-medication safety post-stroke scale (S-5)
Franceen Kaizer, Angela Kim, My Tram Van, Nicol Korner-Bitensky
Rationale and objective: Patients with stroke should be screened for safety prior to starting a self-medication regime. An extensive literature review revealed no standardized self-medication tool tailored to the multi-faceted needs of the stroke population. The aim of this study was to create and validate a condition-specific tool to be used in screening for self-medication safety in individuals ...
Pages: 239-245
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Evaluating inpatient public rehabilitation in Australia using a utilization review tool developed in North America
Christopher J. Poulos
Objective: To evaluate inpatient rehabilitation in public facilities in Australia against a utilization review tool used in the USA. Design: Prospective cohort study. Subjects: Patients identified in the acute wards of a regional referral hospital and subsequently transferred to a public inpatient rehabilitation facility. Methods: The InterQual utilization review criteria were app­lied to d ...
Pages: 246-253
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Determinants of early return to work after first stroke in Japan
Satoru Saeki, Toshihiro Toyonaga
Objective: To examine the time to return to work after first stroke and identify determinants of early return to work in Japan. Design: A multicentre, prospective cohort study on the association between characteristics at admission and early return to work after first stroke. Subjects: Among 464 patients after first stroke, 325 were registered in this study. All participants were younger than ...
Pages: 254-258
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Oxygen uptake kinetics: Associations with ambulatory activity and physical functional performance in stroke survivors
Patricia J. Manns, Corey R. Tomczak, Anwar Jelani, Robert G. Haennel
Objective: To explore the associations amongst the on-and-off kinetics time constants, ambulatory activity outcomes, and physical functional performance in stroke survivors. Design: Cross-sectional, case control study. Subjects: Ten stroke survivors (time since stroke: mean 7. 5 years (standard deviation 8. 3) ; gender: 4 males, 6 females) and 10 control subjects matched for age and physical a ...
Pages: 259-264
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Social support and life satisfaction in spinal cord injury during and up to one year after inpatient rehabilitation
Christel M.C. van Leeuwen, Marcel W.M. Post, Floris W. Van Asbeck, Lucas H.V. van der Woude, Sonja de Groot, Eline Lindeman
Objective: To describe the course of social support in persons with recently acquired spinal cord injury, and to examine direct and indirect relationships between social support and life satisfaction over time. Design: A multi-centre prospective cohort study with mea­surements at the start of active rehabilitation, at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation and one year after discharge. Subje ...
Pages: 265-271
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Cardiovascular disease risk factors in persons with paraplegia: The Stockholm spinal cord injury study
Kerstin Wahman, Mark S. Nash, Ninni Westgren, John E. Lewis , Åke Seiger, Richard Levi
Objective: To examine cardiovascular disease risk factors and risk clusters in Swedish persons with traumatic wheelchair-dependent paraplegia. Design: Prospective examination. Subjects: A total of 135 individuals aged 18–79 years with chronic (≥ 1 year) post-traumatic paraplegia. Methods: Cardiovascular disease risk factors; dyslipidemia, impaired fasting glucose, hypertension, overwei ...
Pages: 272-278
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Upper limb spasticity reduction following active training: A robot-mediated study in patients with chronic hemiparesis
Federico Posteraro, Stefano Mazzoleni, Sara Aliboni, Benedetta Cesqui, Alessandro Battaglia, Maria Chiara Carrozza, Paolo Dario, Silvestro Micera
Objective: To compare the effects on spasticity of 2 robot-mediated therapies in patients with chronic hemiparesis. Design: Groups comparison. Subjects: Thirty-four patients, divided into 2 homogeneous groups. Methods: Outcome measures were: motor status score, Modified Ashworth scale, and range of motion. A pattern of reaching exercises was implemented, in which the direction and length of ...
Pages: 279-281
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The importance of health economics in rehabilitation medicine
Fionnuala Cooney
Pages: 284-285
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