Content - Volume 40, Issue 3

All articles

Publishing in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Walter R Frontera, Gunnar Grimby, Jeffrey R Basford, Dave Muller, Haim Ring
This paper presents the panel discussion from the "Meet the Editor" symposium held at the 4th World Congress of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine in Seoul in June 2007. It includes contributions by four Editors of international journals in rehabilitation. Some of the topics discussed are of a general nature, but will provide useful guidance for the more junior scien ...
Pages: 161-165
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Effectiveness of electroacupuncture and interferential electrotherapy in the management of frozen shoulder
Gladys L.Y. Cheing, Eric M.L. So, Clare Y.L. Chao
Objective: To examine whether the addition of either electroacupuncture or interferential electrotherapy to shoulder exercises would be more effective in the management of frozen shoulder. Design: A double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial. Methods: A total of 70 subjects were randomly allocated to receive either: (i) electroacupuncture plus exercise; (ii) interferential electrotherapy plu ...
Pages: 166-170
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Assessing pain perception using the Painmatcher® in patients with whiplash-associated disorders
Lina Bunketorp Käll, Jan Kowalski, Elisabet Stener-Victorin
Objective: To evaluate the Painmatcher®, in terms of reliability, and to explore the relationship between pain magnitude matching and pain threshold assessments in patients with whiplash-associated disorders. Also, to investigate gender differences in pain thresholds and explore the correlation between pain-related cognitions and pain threshold. Design: A test-retest study. Subjects: Forty-se ...
Pages: 171-177
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Selection of clients for vocational rehabilitation at six local social insurance offices: A combined register and questionnaire study on rehabilitation measures and attitudes among social insurance officers
Åsa Ahlgren, Alf Bergroth, Jan Ekholm, Kristina Schüldt Ekholm
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate possible differences between local social insurance offices with regard to their selection of clients for vocational rehabilitation. A further aim was to determine whether social insurance officers from different local insurance offices have uniform attitudes regarding professional practice in their application of the insurance system. Methods: ...
Pages: 178-184
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Muscle wasting in intensive care patients: Ultrasound observation of the M. quadriceps femoris muscle layer
Wolfgang Gruther, Thomas Benesch, Carina Zorn, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga, Michael Quittan, Veronika Fialka-Moser, Christian Spiss, Franz Kainberger, Richard Crevenna
Objective: Patients in intensive care exhibit a high degree of loss of muscle mass. Appropriate instruments are needed to document muscle wasting in these patients. The aim of this pilot study was to describe muscle wasting in patients in the intensive care unit. Design: Two-fold study setting: prospective longitudinal and cross-sectional single-blind. Patients: A total of 118 patients in the ...
Pages: 185-189
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Perceptions of goal setting in a neurological rehabilitation unit: A qualitative study of patients, carers and staff
Carolyn A Young, Gavin P Manmathan, James CR Ward
Objective: To explore perceptions of goal setting from the perspective of patients, lay carers and rehabilitation staff. Design: Semi-structured interviews analysed independently by 2 researchers using content analysis. Setting: Neurological rehabilitation inpatient unit for adults. Subjects: Four samples of 10 subjects each, comprising: (i) inpatients, (ii) patients discharged within the la ...
Pages: 190-194
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Relationship between usual physical, cognitive and social activities and functional recovery at hospital discharge after acute stroke
Ana Maria Külzer, Cláudia Collor Scolari, Miguel Gus
Objective: To assess the relationship between lifestyle prior to the event and functional recovery at hospital discharge after acute stroke. Design: Cohort study. Patients: A sample of 191 patients with first stroke episode (87. 4% ischaemic). Methods: Severity of the event at admission was measured by the Modified National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale. The Frenchay Activity Index was u ...
Pages: 195-199
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Interactions between foot placement, trunk frontal position, weight-bearing and knee moment asymmetry at seat-off during rising from a chair in healthy controls and persons with hemiparesis
Julie Lecours, Sylvie Nadeau, Denis Gravel, Luci Teixera-Salmela
Objective: To assess the interaction of foot placement, trunk frontal position, weight-bearing and knee moment asymmetry at seat-off when rising from a chair. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: Seventeen subjects with hemiparesis and 15 healthy controls. Methods: Trunk position, weight-bearing and knee moment asymmetry were quantified by kinetic and kinematic analysis when the subjects ...
Pages: 200-207
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Reorganization of the cortico-spinal pathway in patients with chronic complete thoracic spinal cord injury: A study of motor evoked potentials
Der-Sheng Han, Chih-Ming Li, Chein-wei Chang
Objective: To evaluate the change in motor evoked potential parameters following transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with chronic complete thoracic cord injury. Design: A cross-sectional study. Subjects: Eighteen patients with chronic complete thoracic cord injury and 18 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were included in the study. The mean post-injury duration was 13. 0 (standar ...
Pages: 208-212
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Relationship between cardiopulmonary fitness and depressive symptoms in cardiac rehabilitation patients with coronary artery disease
Walter Swardfager, Nathan Herrmann, Yekta Dowlati, Paul Oh, Alex Kiss, Krista Lanctôt
Objective: To identify independent predictors of depressive symptoms in a cohort of patients with coronary artery disease entering cardiac rehabilitation. Design: Cross-sectional cohort study. Patients and methods: Consecutive patients entering a cardiac rehabilitation and secondary prevention programme underwent screening for depressive symptoms using the Center for Epidemiological Studies De ...
Pages: 213-218
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Do low-frequency electrical myostimulation and aerobic training similarly improve performance in chronic heart failure patients with different exercise capacities?
Gaëlle Deley, Jean-Christophe Eicher, Bénédicte Vergès, Jean-Eric Wolf, Jean-Marie Casillas
Objective: To confirm that electrical myostimulation is a good alternative to conventional aerobic training in patients with chronic heart failure and to compare the effects of both training programmes in patients with different exercise capacities. Patients and methods: A total of 44 patients with stable chronic heart failure underwent 5 weeks of exercise training, with electrical myostimulatio ...
Pages: 219-224
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Gender-related differences in clinical characteristics and physiological and psychosocial outcomes of japanese patients at entry into phase II cardiac rehabilitation
Kazuhiro P. Izawa, Koichiro Oka, Satoshi Watanabe, Hitoshi Yokoyama, Koji Hiraki, Yuji Morio, Yusuke Kasahara, Kazuto Omiya
Objective: To examine gender differences in clinical characteristics and physiological and psychosocial outcomes at entry into phase II cardiac rehabilitation. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: The study comprised 442 consecutive patients with cardiac diseases assessed at entry into a phase II cardiac rehabilitation programme. Methods: Clinical characteristics of the patients, such as ...
Pages: 225-230
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Demographics of wheelchair users in France: Results of national community-based handicaps-incapacités-dépendance surveys
Nicolas Vignier, Jean-François Ravaud, Myriam Winance, François-Xavier Lepoutre, Isabelle Ville
Objective: To highlight the prevalence of manual and/or powered wheelchair use within the general French population living at home or in institutions, to describe the users and to identify factors determining wheelchair use. Methods: Data were obtained from national community-based Handicaps-Incapacités-Dépendance surveys on disability and dependency carried out on 2 representative samples of ...
Pages: 231-239
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