Content

Content - Volume 53, Issue 6

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Diagnosing sarcopenia: Functional perspectives and a new algorithm from the ISarcoPRM
Murat Kara, Bayram Kaymak, Walter Frontera, Ay?e Merve Ata, Vincenzo Ricci, Timur Ekiz, Ke-Vin Chang, Der-Sheng Han, Xanthi Michail, Michael Quittan, Jae-Young Lim, Jonathan F. Bean, Franco Franchignoni, Levent Özçakar and the ISPRM special interest group on sarcopenia
Sarcopenia is an important public health problem, characterized by age-related loss of muscle mass and muscle function. It is a precursor of physical frailty, mobility limitation, and premature death. Muscle loss is mainly due to the loss of type II muscle fibres, and progressive loss of motor neurones is thought to be the primary underlying factor. Anterior thigh muscles undergo atrophy earlier, ...
Pages: 1-14
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All articles

EDITORIAL
Newsletter (June 2021)
Pages: 1-3
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Arm impairment and walking speed explain real-life activity of the affected arm and leg after stroke
Sofi A. Andersson, Anna Danielsson, Fredrik Ohlsson, Jan Wipenmyr, Margit Alt Murphy
Objective: To determine to what extent accelerometer-based arm, leg and trunk activity is associated with sensorimotor impairments, walking capacity and other factors in subacute stroke. Design: Cross-sectional study. Patients: Twenty-six individuals with stroke (mean age 55.4 years, severe to mild motor impairment). Methods: Data on daytime activity were collected over a period of 4 days from ...
Pages: 1-8
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Diagnosing sarcopenia: Functional perspectives and a new algorithm from the ISarcoPRM
Murat Kara, Bayram Kaymak, Walter Frontera, Ay?e Merve Ata, Vincenzo Ricci, Timur Ekiz, Ke-Vin Chang, Der-Sheng Han, Xanthi Michail, Michael Quittan, Jae-Young Lim, Jonathan F. Bean, Franco Franchignoni, Levent Özçakar and the ISPRM special interest group on sarcopenia
Sarcopenia is an important public health problem, characterized by age-related loss of muscle mass and muscle function. It is a precursor of physical frailty, mobility limitation, and premature death. Muscle loss is mainly due to the loss of type II muscle fibres, and progressive loss of motor neurones is thought to be the primary underlying factor. Anterior thigh muscles undergo atrophy earlier, ...
Pages: 1-14
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Hospital readmission in stroke survivors one year versus three years after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation: Prevalence and associations in an Asian cohort
Matthew Rong Jie Tay
Objective: To examine the prevalence and risk factors for readmission after inpatient rehabilitation in stroke survivors, in a developed multi-ethnic Southeast Asian country. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 1,235 stroke survivors who completed inpatient rehabilitation in a tertiary rehabilitation centre. Results: A total of 296 (24.0%) patients with stroke were readmitted within the fir ...
Pages: 1-7
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SPECIAL REPORT
Towards standardized reporting of service organization in rehabilitation for clinical trials
Boya Nugraha, Nada Andelic, Helene L. Søberg, Grace Engen, Marit Kirkevold, Cecilie Røe, Christoph Gutenbrunner
Meta-analysis of clinical trials in rehabilitation is often inconclusive, even when similar interventions are investigated. A possible reason for this is the influence of the settings in which rehabilitation services are delivered. Examples show that factors related to service organization in rehabilitation can influence study outcomes. This, in particular, is relevant, as contextual factors in ...
Pages: 1-4
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Post-intensive care syndrome following cardiothoracic critical care: Feasibility of a complex intervention
Philip Henderson, Tara Quasim, Annette Asher, Lucy Campbell, Malcolm Daniel, Lisa Davey, Helen Devine, Martyn Gall, Pamela Mactavish, Karen Mcgroarty, Fiona Nolan, Colin Purdie, Isma Quasim, John Sharp, Martin Shaw, Theodore J. Iwashyna, Joanne McPeake
Objectives: To describe the long-term outcomes of cardiac intensive care unit patients and their primary caregivers, and to explore the feasibility of implementing a complex intervention, designed to support problems associated with post-intensive care syndrome and post-intensive care syndrome–family, in the year following discharge from the cardiac intensive care unit. Design: A complex multid ...
Pages: 1-6
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Temporal evolution and predictors of subjective cognitive complaints up to 4 years after stroke
Britta Nijsse, Daan P.J. Verberne, Johanna M.A. Visser-Meily, Marcel W.M. Post, Paul L.M. de Kort, Caroline M. van Heugten
Objective: To examine the temporal evolution of subjective cognitive complaints in the long-term after stroke, and to identify predictors of long-term subjective cognitive complaints. Methods: Prospective cohort study including 395 stroke patients. Subjective cognitive complaints were assessed at 2 months, 6 months and 4 years post-stroke, using the Checklist for Cognitive and Emotional consequen ...
Pages: 1-8
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of kinesio taping on hip abductor muscle strength and electromyography activity in athletes with chronic ankle instability: A randomized controlled trial
Md. Ghazi Ataullah, Gagan Kapoor, Ahmad H. Alghadir, Masood Khan
Objective: Athletes with chronic ankle instability tend to develop hip abductor muscle weakness. Kinesio taping may help this muscle perform its functions, thus preventing injury. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of Kinesio taping on hip abductor muscle strength and electromyography (EMG) activity. Subjects: A total of 34 athletes, mean age 22.08 years (standard deviation 2.71 year ...
Pages: 1-7
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Factors associated with met and unmet rehabilitation needs after stroke: A multicentre cohort study in Denmark and Norway
Guri Heiberg, Cecilie Røe, Oddgeir Friborg, Synne Garder Pedersen, Henrietta Holm Stabel, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen, Audny Anke
Objectives: To examine patient-reported needs for care and rehabilitation in a cohort following different subacute pathways of rehabilitation, and to explore factors underpinning met and unmet needs. Design: Observational multicentre cohort study. Patients and methods: A total of 318 Norwegian and 155 Danish patients with first-ever stroke were included. Participants answered questions from the ...
Pages: 1-10
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Applicability of evidence from randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews to clinical practice: A conceptual review
Antti Malmivaara
Background: The value of randomized controlled trials is dependent on the applicability of their findings to clinical decision-making. The aim of this study is to determine a definition and principles for the applicability of evidence from randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews. Methods: This narrative review searched studies from PubMed and Web of Science databases using Cochrane Co ...
Pages: 1-7
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Societal burden of stroke rehabilitation: Costs and health outcomes after admission to stroke rehabilitation
Winke van Meijeren-Pont, Sietske J. Tamminga, Paulien H. Goossens, Iris F. Groeneveld, Henk Arwert , Jorit J.L. Meesters, Radha Rambaran Mishre, Thea P.M. Vliet Vlieland, Wilbert B. van den Hout on behalf of the Stroke Cohort Outcomes of REhabilitation (SCORE) study group
Objective: To estimate societal costs and changes in health-related quality of life in stroke patients, up to one year after start of medical specialist rehabilitation. Design: Observational. Patients: Consecutive patients who received medical specialist rehabilitation in the Stroke Cohort Outcomes of REhabilitation (SCORE) study. Methods: Participants completed questionnaires on health-relate ...
Pages: 1-8
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Effectiveness of total knee arthroplasty rehabilitation programmes: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Waleed Alrawashdeh, Jörg Eschweiler, Filippo Migliorini, Yasser El Mansy, Markus Tingart, Björn Rath
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of modified rehabilitation programmes in comparison with standard rehabilitation programmes after total knee arthroplasty through randomized controlled trials. Data sources: A search was conducted in PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC) and Cochrane Library databases in December 2020. Study selection: Randomized controlled trials were reviewed if they compared ...
Pages: 1-12
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