Content

Content - Volume 50, Issue 5

Editors choice in this issue

REVIEW ARTICLE
Factors influencing the adoption of telemedicine for treatment of military veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder
Clemens Scott Kruse, James M. Atkins, Tiffany D. Baker, Estefania N. Gonzales, Jennifer L. Paul, Matthew Brooks
Background: Military veterans returning from a combat zone often face mental health challenges as a result of traumatic experiences. The veteran in the United States has been underdiagnosed and underserved. Since its advancement in the 1990s, telemedicine has become a more prevalent means of delivering services for post-traumatic stress disorder among veterans in the United States, but its adopti ...
Pages: 385-392
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All articles

REVIEW ARTICLE
Factors influencing the adoption of telemedicine for treatment of military veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder
Clemens Scott Kruse, James M. Atkins, Tiffany D. Baker, Estefania N. Gonzales, Jennifer L. Paul, Matthew Brooks
Background: Military veterans returning from a combat zone often face mental health challenges as a result of traumatic experiences. The veteran in the United States has been underdiagnosed and underserved. Since its advancement in the 1990s, telemedicine has become a more prevalent means of delivering services for post-traumatic stress disorder among veterans in the United States, but its adopti ...
Pages: 385-392
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Effectiveness of conservative treatment for patellofemoral pain syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Mikhail Saltychev, Rebecca A. Dutton, Katri Laimi, Gary S. Beaupré, Petri Virolainen, Michael Fredericson
Objective: To evaluate the evidence regarding the effectiveness of conservative treatment in reducing patellofemoral pain. Data sources: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PEDro databases. Study selection: Adults with patellofemoral pain, randomized controlled trials only, any conservative treatment compared with placebo, sham, other conservative treatment, or no treatment. Two independent reviewers. ...
Pages: 393-401
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SPECIAL REPORT
Developing a spinal cord injury rehabilitation service in Madagascar
Rakotonirainy Renaud, Helen N. Locke, Ramaswamy Hariharan, M. Anne Chamberlain, Rory J. O’Connor
Rehabilitation for people with spinal cord injury in many low- and middle-income countries is not avail-able or is in the early stages of development. However, rehabilitation is recognized as crucial in order to optimize functional recovery and outcomes for patients with spinal cord injury. With an increasing incidence of spinal cord injury, the unmet need for rehabilitation is huge. This report d ...
Pages: 402-405
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effectiveness of Wii-based rehabilitation in stroke: A randomized controlled study
Ayça Utkan Karasu, Elif Balevi Batur, Gülçin Kaymak Karataş
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of Nintendo Wii Fit®-based balance rehabilitation as an adjunc-tive therapy to conventional rehabilitation in stroke patients. Methods: During the study period, 70 stroke patients were evaluated. Of these, 23 who met the study criteria were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (n = 12) or the control group (n = 11) by block randomizat ...
Pages: 406-412
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Assessing of imagined and real expanded Timed Up and Go tests in patients with chronic stroke: A case-control study
Maxime Geiger, Céline Bonnyaud, Bernard Bussel, Nicolas Roche
Objective: To assess temporal congruence (the difference in performance-time and time to imagine) between the sub-tasks of the Expanded Timed Up and Go (ETUG) and imagined ETUG (iETUG) tests in patients with hemiparesis following unilateral hemispheric stroke, and to compare the results with those for with healthy subjects. Design: Case-controlled study. Subject/patients: Twenty patients with c ...
Pages: 413-419
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Rasch analysis of the UK Functional Assessment Measure in patients with complex disability after stroke
Oleg N. Medvedev, Lynne Turner-Stokes, Stephen Ashford, Richard J. Siegert
Objectives: To determine whether the UK Functional Assessment Measure (UK FIM+FAM) fits the Rasch model in stroke patients with complex disability and, if so, to derive a conversion table of Rasch-transformed interval level scores. Methods: The sample included a UK multicentre cohort of 1,318 patients admitted for specialist rehabilitation following a stroke. Rasch analysis was conducted for the ...
Pages: 420-428
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Accelerometry: A feasible method to monitor physical activity during sub-acute rehabilitation of persons with stroke
Conran Joseph, Björn Strömbäck, Maria Hagströmer, David Conradsson
Objective: To investigate the feasibility of using accelerometers to monitor physical activity in persons with stroke admitted to inpatient rehabilitation. Design: Longitudinal observational study. Participants: Persons with stroke admitted to a specialized rehabilitation centre for sub-acute rehabilitation were recruited between August and December 2016. Methods: Volume and intensity of physical ...
Pages: 429-434
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Dimensionality and scaling properties of the Patient Categorisation Tool in patients with complex rehabilitation needs following acquired brain injury
Richard J. Siegert, Oleg Medvedev, Lynne Turner-Stokes
Objective: To investigate the scaling properties of the Patient Categorisation Tool (PCAT) as an instrument to measure complexity of rehabilitation needs. Design: Psychometric analysis in a multicentre cohort from the UK national clinical database. Patients: A total of 8,222 patents admitted for specialist inpatient rehabilitation following acquired brain injury. Methods: Dimensionality was explor ...
Pages: 435-443
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Economic evaluation of a bio-psycho-social intervention for comorbid disorders in a traumatized population in post-war Kosovo
Wei-Lun Chang, Carit Jacques Andersen, Besa Shatri Berisha, Olena Estrup, Shr-Jie Wang
Objective: Post-hoc economic evaluation of a bio-psycho-social intervention in post-war Kosovo from a societal perspective. Design: Cost-effectiveness analysis, cost-utility analysis, and partial cost-benefit analysis using data from a randomized controlled trial. Patients: Thirty-four torture/war victims with comorbid conditions enrolled in 2012–2013. Methods: Participants were randomly assi ...
Pages: 444-450
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Knee-ankle-foot orthoses for treating posterior knee pain resulting from genu recurvatum: Efficiency, patients' tolerance and satisfaction
Benoit Requier, Laurent Bensoussan, Julien Mancini, Alain Delarque, Jean Michel Viton, Marjorie Kerzoncuf
Objective: To assess the efficiency of knee-ankle-foot orthoses for treating painful genu recurvatum, and to determine users’ tolerance and satisfaction. Patients: Patients included in the study had a genu recurvatum during the stance phase, confirmed by a medical doctor on physical examination. A total of 27 patients with 31 knee-ankle-foot orthoses were included. Methods: The main outcome wa ...
Pages: 451-456
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Narrowing beam-walking is a clinically feasible approach for assessing balance ability in lower-limb prosthesis users
Andrew Sawers, Brian J. Hafner
Objective: Challenging clinical balance tests are needed to expose balance deficits in lower-limb prost-hesis users. This study examined whether narrowing beam-walking could overcome conceptual and practical limitations identified in fixed-width beam-walking. Design: Cross-sectional. Participants: Unilateral lower-limb prosthesis users. Methods: Participants walked 10 times along a low, narrowi ...
Pages: 457-464
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Burn survivors’ pulmonary and muscular impairment, exercise tolerance and return-to-work following medical-vocational rehabilitation: A long-term follow-up
Viveca Björnhagen, Kristina Schüldt Ekholm, Flemming Larsen, Jan Ekholm
Objective: To follow up the long-term outcome in return-to-work (RTW) rate in burn-injury patients, and to determine the degree of impairment in pulmonary and muscular function and exercise tolerance. Design: A prospective, longitudinal follow-up study without a control group. Patients: Twenty-five burn-injury patients referred for medical-vocational rehabilitation. Methods: Return-to-work rat ...
Pages: 465-471
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Capacity-building in clinical skills of rehabilitation workforce in low- and middle-income countries
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Wouter de Groote, Mayowa Owolabi, Ilyas M. Syed, Abderrazak Hajjoui, Muhammad N. Babur, Tahir M. Sayed, Yvonne Frizzell, Amaramalar S. Naicker, Maryam Fourtassi, Alaeldin Elmalik , Mary P. Galea
Objective: Despite the prevalence of disability in low-and middle-income countries, the clinical skills of the rehabilitation workforce are not well described. We report health professionals’ perspectives on clinical skills in austere settings and identify context-specific gaps in workforce capacity. Methods: A cross-sectional pilot survey (Pakistan, Morocco, Nigeria, Malaysia) of health profe ...
Pages: 472-479
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