Content - Volume 44, Issue 6
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Objective: An extrinsic cerebral network (encompassing lateral frontoparietal cortices) related to external/sensory awareness and an intrinsic midline network related to internal/self-awareness have been identified recently. This study measured brain metabolism in both networks in patients with severe brain damage.
Design: Prospective [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography and Com ...
Objective: To review the applicability of heart rate variability measures in research on severe disorder of consciousness.
Methods: The available evidence on the correlation between heart rate variability measures and the outcome or residual functional state/responsiveness of severely brain-injured patients (including those in vegetative or minimally conscious states) are reviewed and discussed w ...
Objective: To update knowledge of the incidence of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH, also referred to as dysautonomia), an emergency condition tentatively attributed to sympathetic paroxysms or diencephalic-hypothalamic disarrangement associated with severe diffuse brain axonal damage or hypoxia. This condition is reportedly common in the vegetative state, threatens survival and affects ...
Objective: To explore the course and timing of functional recovery in patients who have emerged from coma after undergoing severe traumatic brain injury.
Methods: An observational study involving 19 patients with traumatic brain injury recovered from coma who underwent holistic, intensive and multidisciplinary neurorehabilitation. Daily performance in each cognitive function (long-term memory, s ...
The operational model and strategies designed for use in the S. Anna – Research in Advanced Neurorehabilitation Institute for the care and neurorehabilitation of subjects in the vegetative or minimally conscious states are described here. A total of 722 patients were admitted, cared for and discharged from the institute in the period 1998–2009. Application of the model approach has progressive ...