Content - Volume 30, Issue 2

All articles

Muscle fatigue in a standing heel-rise test
Svantesson U, Osterberg U, Thomeé R, Grimby G
The fatigue process of the triceps surae was evaluated during a standing heel-rise test, comprising of eccentric and concentric muscle actions. Ten healthy women with a mean age of 24 years participated. The heel-rise test was performed until exhaustion. Work and electromyographic activity expressed as root mean square and mean power frequency of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles were calculate ...
Pages: 67-72
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The standing heel-rise test in patients with upper motor neuron lesion due to stroke
Svantesson U, Osterberg U, Grimby G, Sunnerhagen KS
The objective was to investigate the fatigue process in the triceps surae during the heel-rise test (eccentric and concentric phases) in comparison with a walking test and muscle strength. Eight men with prior stroke and 8 age-matched healthy men participated. The electromyographic activity in form of root mean square and mean power frequency of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles were measured a ...
Pages: 73-80
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Sit-to-stand manoeuvre in hemiparetic patients before and after a 4-week rehabilitation programme
Hesse S, Schauer M, Petersen M, Jahnke M.
The objective of the study was to document the sit-to-stand of 35 moderately affected hemiparetic patients before and after a 4-week inpatient rehabilitation programme and to investigate the influence of the side of hemiparesis and impaired proprioception on its outcome. The therapists trained the patients to distribute equal weight on both legs and to avoid lateral compensatory tilt of the trunk. ...
Pages: 83-86
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Effects of day-hospital rehabilitation in stroke patients: a review of randomized clinical trials
Dekker R, Drost EA, Groothoff JW, Arendzen JH, van Gijn JC, Eisma WH.
The purpose of this study was to review the literature on the effects of day-hospital rehabilitation (DHR) in stroke patients. In The Netherlands DHR concerns a multidisciplinary approach to decrease disability and handicap and to optimize quality of life in an outpatient setting. Data were collected by a computer-aided search of published randomized trials. Fifteen articles reporting on seven ran ...
Pages: 87-94
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Stimulation with low frequency (1.7 Hz) transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (low-tens) increases motor function of the post-stroke paretic arm
Sonde L, Gip C, Fernaeus SE, Nilsson CG, Viitanen M
The object of this study is to determine if the functional motor capacity of the paretic extremity can be improved by stimulation with low intensity low frequency (1. 7 Hz) transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (Low-TENS), started 6-12 months after a stroke. Forty-four patients who had a paretic arm as a consequence of their first stroke were included and randomly assigned to either a treatmen ...
Pages: 95-99
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We can cure your child's clumsiness! A review of intervention methods
Sigmundsson H, Pedersen AV, Whiting HT, Ingvaldsen RP
Intervention procedures for treatment of clumsiness have come in many guises. We have looked at some of the most powerful methods put forward in the past 30 years--Perceptual-motor training (PMT), Sensory Integration Therapy (SIT), and some promising new approaches. Both the PMT and the SIT have been heavily criticised. It is hard to find support for the idea that the programmes improve academic s ...
Pages: 101-106
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A submaximal back extension endurance test utilising subjective perception of low back fatigue
Taimela S, Kankaanpää M, Airaksinen O
The present study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic value of a new submaximal back extension endurance test in the classification between patients with non-specific chronic/recurrent low back trouble (LBT) and controls. The back pain questionnaires included pain duration, intensity, regularity and the Pain & Disability Index. The subjects performed dynamic back extensions on a specially desi ...
Pages: 107-112
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On the reliability and usefulness of methods for grip strength measurement
Lagerström C, Nordgren B
The purposes of this investigation were to assess the accuracy of a grip strength measuring instrument, the Grippit, to modify previously developed methods for measuring maximal isometric grip strength (12) and to evaluate the reliability of these methods, with the use of the Grippit. Grip strength during short (maximal voluntary isometric strength, MVC) and sustained (SMVC) contractions was measu ...
Pages: 113-119
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Associations of sensory-motor functions with poor mobility in 75- and 80-year-old people
Sakari-Rantala R, Era P, Rantanen T, Heikkinen E.
This study investigated the associations of sensory-motor functions with mobility in elderly people. All 75- and 80-year-old residents of the city of Jyväskylä, Finland, were invited to take part in the study. A total of 617 (93%) persons were interviewed, and 500 (75%) took part in laboratory examinations. Self-reported mobility was recorded during the interview. Basic mobility functions (maxim ...
Pages: 121-127
Abstract  PDF