Content

Content - Volume 26, Issue 2

All articles

BOOK REVIEW
Bookreviews
Pages: 50-50
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Factors interacting with perceived work-related complaints in the musculoskeletal system among home care service personnel. An explorative multivariate study
Gerdle B, Brulin C, Elert J, Granlund B.
The interrelationships between reported complaints, certain sociodemographic data and ergonomic, physical and psychosocial aspects of the work-environment were investigated in a cross-sectional study of home care service personnel using a questionnaire. Ninety-seven out of 160 randomly selected women took part in pre-tests (presented here), post-tests and one year exercise program. Significant cor ...
Pages: 51-58
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The hand in neck manoeuvre as a tool to analyze pain-generating mechanisms in the subacromial impingement syndrome
Solem-Bertoft E, Nordin M, Rahme H, Westerberg CE.
A scoring system for a standardized composite movement of the shoulder--the Hand in Neck (HIN) manoeuvre--is presented. The EMG activity of the supraspinatus muscle was studied in 5 healthy subjects at different performance levels of this test. It is shown that the supraspinatus muscle is about four times more active during normal performance than at the subnormal levels, which among themselves do ...
Pages: 59-64
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Long-term effects of auditory feedback training on relearned symmetrical body weight distribution in stroke patients. A follow-up study
Engardt M
Long-term effects of auditory kinetic feedback on relearned symmetrical body weight distribution while rising and sitting down were studied in stroke patients. Thirty patients were re-tested on average 33 months after having trained with and without auditory feedback. Body weight distribution on the legs was measured with two force plates. At re-test there was a decrease from 48% to 39% of body we ...
Pages: 64-69
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Reliability of heart rate responses to non-steady-state activities of daily living in men with spinal cord injuries
Janssen TW, van Oers CA, van der Woude LH, Hollander AP.
The reliability of heart rate responses to non-steady-state tasks among 37 men with spinal cord injuries (lesion level: C4/5-L5) was examined with a simple heart rate recording device (Sport Tester PE3000). Three identical trials of 6 different transfers and an 8-cm curb ascent were performed on one day (Trial 1 and 2; n = 37) and one week later (Trial 3; n = 12). Pearson's r and intraclass correl ...
Pages: 71-78
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The effect of an abdominal muscle training program on intra-abdominal pressure
Cresswell AG, Blake PL, Thorstensson A.
The effect of 10 weeks' specific abdominal strength training (resisted trunk rotations) on intra-abdominal pressure was investigated in 10 healthy males. Isometric rotational force, trunk flexor and extensor torque and intra-abdominal pressure were measured as well as intra-abdominal pressure responses to Valsalva manoeuvres, maximal pulsed pressures, drop jumps and trunk perturbations. The rotati ...
Pages: 79-86
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Correlation between neurological leg deficits and reaction time of upper limbs among low-back pain patients
Venna S, Hurri H, Alaranta H.
The purpose of the study was to examine how neurological deficits of the leg, i.e. sensory deficit, deficient reflexes and muscular weakness, correlate with reaction times of upper limbs in a group with chronic low-back pain. Thirty-two patients were studied. Three sets of measurements of simple reaction time and choice reaction time of upper limbs were conducted at one-week intervals. Neurologica ...
Pages: 87-90
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Knee disorders in carpet and floor layers and painters. Part I. Isometric knee extension and flexion torques
Kivimäki J, Riihimäki H, Alaranta H.
Knee morbidity, knee extension torque and knee flexion torque were examined among 168 actively working carpet and floor layers and 146 painters. The study included a questionnaire concerning knee disorders and knee symptoms, a clinical examination of the knees and measurement of isometric knee extension and flexion torque. Knee accidents were reported more frequently by carpet and floor layers tha ...
Pages: 91-95
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Knee disorders in carpet and floor layers and painters. Part II: Knee symptoms and patellofemoral indices
Kivimäki J, Riihimäki H, Hänninen K.
One hundred and sixty-eight carpet and floor layers and 146 painters were examined with the aid of a questionnaire, clinical tests of the patellofemoral joint, a knee exertion test and measurements of patellofemoral indices. Carpet and floor layers reported previous knee conditions more frequently than painters. Patellofemoral tenderness was not related to occupation, patellofemoral indices or per ...
Pages: 97-101
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Evaluating the outcome of vocational rehabilitation
Riipinen M, Hurri H, Alaranta H.
This paper presents an analysis of studies in which vocational rehabilitation was followed up during the 1980s and early 1990s. Its purpose is to clarify the outcome of vocational rehabilitation as well as the factors predicting that outcome. In these follow-up studies the variables by which the outcome is measured are closely linked with the subjects' employment opportunities, and are basically t ...
Pages: 103-112
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