Content - Volume 16, Issue 1
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The load on the knee joints during lifting has been less studied than low back load. Healthy subjects lifted a 12. 8-kg box from floor to table-level in three different ways; 1) with straight knees, 2) with bent knees and the box in front of the knees, and 3) with bent knees and the box between the knees. The loading moment of force about the bilateral knee axis was calculated by means of a comput ...
Two methods of physiotherapy after fracture of the proximal end of the humerus were compared. The study was designed as a randomized, controlled and single-blind trial. Twenty patients were assigned to two groups 10-12 days after the injury. One group was treated conventionally, the other received instructions in self-training with follow-up control of results. Objective examination and subjective ...
Gait, hip muscular function and clinical features were analysed in 5 patients with chondrosarcoma of the pelvis operated with removal of the tumour, including the acetabular ring. The lower extremity thus remained intact. The aim of this study was to compare the functional results with those obtained in a previous investigation two years earlier. The same tests were used, but more attention was fo ...
Forty-five of 52 consecutive patients with chronic low back pain were screened for presence of HLA-B27 antigen one year after they were included in a rehabilitative program. Six (13. 3%) were positive and, when re-examined radiographically, 2 had signs of ankylosing spondylitis. The proportion of antigen-positive individuals is similar to that found in a population study of healthy Swedish blood d ...
Seven spinal cord injured (SCI) patients with clinical signs of knee-joint spasticity were tested with the Wartenberg pendulum test and an electrogoniometer. All patients were subjected to four channel rhythmical electrical stimulation of the knee muscles for three consecutive days. In five patients some improvement of spasticity was achieved. No increase of spasticity was observed in any patient. ...
In an attempt to reduce oedema of the arm after mastectomy, patients were provided with an elastic sleeve which was worn for a period of between 1 week and up to 6 months. A statistically significant mean relative decrease of 17% in the volume of oedema was achieved. Subsequent treatment by intermittent pneumatic compression for 10 days produced a further significant mean relative decrease of 18%. ...
The benefits of multiple joint replacements were assessed in 21 patients with rheumatoid arthritis who had bilateral hip and knee replacements. The main benefit was relief of pain with 40 hips and 25 knees becoming completely pain-free. There was an improved range of movement in 38 hips but in only 11 knees and 8 knees were stiffer after surgery. Hip replacement was the preferred initial surgery b ...