Content

Content - Volume 53, Issue 2

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of virtual reality-based neck-specific sensorimotor training in patients with chronic neck pain: A randomized controlled pilot trial
Marina Nusser, Sebastian Knapp, Michael Kramer, Gert Krischak
Objective: To evaluate the effects of neck-specific sensorimotor training using a virtual reality device compared with 2 standard rehabilitation programmes: with, and without general sensorimotor training, in patients with non-traumatic chronic neck pain. Design: Pilot randomized control study. Patients and methods: A total of 51 participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: 1: control g ...
Pages: 1-9
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All articles

ORIGINAL REPORT
Inception cohort of the Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Cohort Study (SwiSCI): Design, participant characteristics, response rates and non-response
Christine Fekete, Beat Gurtner, Simon Kunz, Armin Gemperli, Hans-Peter Gmünder, Margret Hund-Georgiadis, Xavier Jordan, Martin Schubert, Jivko Stoyanov, Gerold Stucki, for the SwiSCI Study Group
Objectives: To provide a methodological reference paper for the inception cohort of the Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Cohort Study (SwiSCI), by detailing its methodological features and reporting on participant characteristics, response rates and non-response bias. Design: Prospective cohort study starting in 2013 in all 4 specialized rehabilitation centres in Switzerland. Subjects: Included are 655 ...
Pages: 1-10
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SPECIAL REPORT
Teaching functioning, disability and rehabilitation to first year medical students
Christoph Gutenbrunner, Birgit Kubat, Simon Kröhn, Hermann Haller, Jörg Schiller, Christoph Korallus, Christian Sturm
Background: Many patients have disabilities; it is therefore essential that medical education includes comprehensive teaching on disability and rehabilitation. In 2006 Hannover Medical School implemented an introductory course in the curriculum for medical students, on how to communicate with persons with disability and the need for rehabilitation. The course, entitled “Introduction to medicine ...
Pages: 1-8
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Longitudinal goal attainment with integrated upper limb spasticity management including repeat injections of botulinum toxin A: Findings from the prospective, observational Upper Limb International Spasticity (ULIS-III) cohort study
Lynne Turner-Stokes, Jorge Jacinto, Klemens Fheodoroff, Allison Brashear, Pascal Maisonobe, Andreas Lysandropoulos, Stephen Ashford on behalf of the ULIS-III study group
Objective: To assess the longitudinal effects of integrated spasticity management incorporating repeated cycles of botulinum toxin A type A (BoNT-A) over 2 years. Methods: The Upper Limb International Spasticity study was a prospective, observational, cohort study following adult patients over 2 years of integrated upper-limb spasticity management including repeat botulinum toxin (BoNT-A) treatme ...
Pages: 1-11
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Prevalence of discomplete sensorimotor spinal cord injury as evidenced by neurophysiological methods: A cross-sectional study
Carl Wahlgren, Richard Levi, Salvador Amezcua, Oumie Thorell, Magnus Thordstein
Objectives: To assess the prevalence of residual trans-lesion connectivity in persons with chronic clinically complete spinal cord injury (discompleteness) by neurophysiological methods. Participants: A total of 23 adults with chronic sensorimotor complete spinal cord injury, identified through regional registries the regional spinal cord registry of Östergötland, Sweden. Methods: Diagnosis o ...
Pages: 1-16
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SPECIAL REPORT
Contribution of the scientific field of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine to improvements in health-related rehabilitation at all levels of the healthcare system: A discussion paper
Boya Nugraha, Christoph Gutenbrunner
Rehabilitation is an important health strategy that should be implemented at all levels of the healthcare system and at all levels of care. Scientific evidence is vital to strengthen rehabilitation; therefore, research in the scientific field of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) should be implemented and linked to all levels of the healthcare system. PRM research can be categorized into 5 ...
Pages: 1-7
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effectiveness of robotic balance training on postural instability in patients with mild Parkinson's disease: A pilot, single blind, randomized controlled trial
Stefania Spina, Salvatore Facciorusso, Nicoletta Cinone, Raffaella Armiento, Alessandro Picelli, Christian Avvantaggiato, Chiara Ciritella, Pietro Fiore, Andrea Santamato
Objective: To examine whether tailored robotic platform training could improve postural stability compared with conventional balance treatment in patients with mild Parkinson’s disease.  Design: Randomized single-blind pilot study. Subjects: Twenty-two patients with mild Parkinson’s disease (Hoehn & Yahr scale; H&Y 1–2). Methods: Patients were randomly assigned to an experimental group f ...
Pages: 1-9
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Increased satellite cell apoptosis in vastus lateralis muscle after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
Mario Parstorfer, Francesca Profit, Nadine Weiberg, Michaela Wehrstein, Alexander Barié, Birgit Friedmann-Bette
Objective: Recovery of the quadriceps femoris muscle after anterior ligament reconstruction is im-paired. The aim of this study was to investigate satellite cell content and function of the vastus lateralis muscle after anterior ligament reconstruction. Methods: Biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis muscle of 16 recreational athletes immediately before and again 12 weeks after anterior ...
Pages: 1-10
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Bone quality in adults with severe motor and intellectual disabilities
Tomoko Sakai, Tokumitsu Shirai, Tsutomu Oishi
Objective: To determine bone quality in adults with severe motor and intellectual disabilities. Design: A retrospective cohort study. Patients: Bone quality of 60 patients with severe motor and intellectual disabilities (28 men, 32 women; mean age 57 years) at a long-term care facility for adults was examined retrospectively. Methods: Quantitative ultrasonography was used to measure the stiffne ...
Pages: 1-5
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of virtual reality-based neck-specific sensorimotor training in patients with chronic neck pain: A randomized controlled pilot trial
Marina Nusser, Sebastian Knapp, Michael Kramer, Gert Krischak
Objective: To evaluate the effects of neck-specific sensorimotor training using a virtual reality device compared with 2 standard rehabilitation programmes: with, and without general sensorimotor training, in patients with non-traumatic chronic neck pain. Design: Pilot randomized control study. Patients and methods: A total of 51 participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: 1: control g ...
Pages: 1-9
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Laying the foundation for a primary care core set of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) for community-dwelling older adults: A qualitative study
Johanna Tomandl, Stephanie Book, Anina Hoefle, Elmar Graessel, Cornel Sieber, Ellen Freiberger, Thomas Kuehlein, Susann Hueber, Susann Gotthardt
Objective: To explore relevant areas of functioning from the perspective of community-dwelling adults aged 75 years and over, in order to develop a Core Set of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) for community-dwelling older adults for use in primary care. Design: Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Participants: A total ...
Pages: 1-9
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Effectiveness of specialized rehabilitation after mild traumatic brain injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Marika C. Möller, Jan Lexell, Karin Wilbe Ramsay
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of specialized rehabilitation in adults with prolonged symptoms, or risk of prolonged symptoms, following mild traumatic brain injury. Data sources: Randomized controlled trials or non-randomized controlled studies published between 1 Jan 2000 and 10 Mar 2019 in Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL or PsycINFO. Meta-analyses wer ...
Pages: 1-12
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