Content - Volume 28, Issue 3

All articles

Magnetic resonance imaging of lower extremity muscles and isokinetic strength in foot dorsiflexors in patients with prior polio
Tollbäck A, Söderlund V, Jakobsson F, Fransson A, Borg K, Borg J.
The thigh and lower leg of six patients with prior polio were examined using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and the strength of their weak foot dorsiflexors was measured isokinetically. Spinecho images of the lower extremities were visually evaluated on a semi-quantitative four-point scale, and T1 and T2 relaxation times of the lower leg anterior compartment were analysed. There were prominent ...
Pages: 115-123
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Recovery of finger sensibility and somatosensory evoked potentials following digit-to-digit replantation in man
Chu NS.
Recovery of finger sensation and digital nerve function following digit-to-digit replantation was studied in 14 patients by clinical sensory evaluation and somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) to digital nerve stimulation. The mean interval between injury and surgery was 8 +/- 3h; that between surgery and study was 25 +/- 7 months. Sensory examination revealed a mild hypersensitivity to cold. Pin ...
Pages: 125-131
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Cervicocephalic kinesthetic sensibility in patients with whiplash injury
Heikkilä H, Aström PG.
This study investigated cervicocephalic kinesthetic sensibility in patients with whiplash injury and the effects of a rehabilitation programme. Fourteen patients with a whiplash injury and 34 healthy subjects participated in this study. The ability to appreciate both movement and the position of the head with respect to the trunk was investigated. Active head repositioning was significantly less p ...
Pages: 133-138
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Prolonged functional impairments after whiplash injury
Hagström Y, Carlsson J.
Thirty patients with whiplash injuries were examined 1 to 55 months after the accidents. Pain had appeared on the day of the accident in 24 (80%) of the patients and with different delays in the remainder. The mean pain intensity was 43 mm (SD 26) on a visual analogue scale (VAS). All patients had pain in the neck, 17-33% had headache and 6-17% had pain in various regions of the arms. Thirteen pat ...
Pages: 139-146
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Disability and quality of life in individuals with muscular dystrophy
Ahlström G, Gunnarsson LG.
In the county of Orebro, Sweden, 32 individuals with myotonic disorders and 25 with other types of muscular dystrophy were examined. Disability was assessed with functional tests and standardized observations of muscle function (mainly based on those proposed by Dr. Brooke), a new self-administered questionnaire regarding the Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and the ADL staircase (based on Katz AD ...
Pages: 147-157
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The multi-dimensionality of the FIM motor items precludes an interval scaling using Rasch analysis
Dickson HG, Köhler F.
Rasch analysis scaling is said to produce an interval scale of Functional Independence Measure (FIM) motor function items. Rasch analysis requires that the data to be analysed represent the influence of a single underlying unidimensional variable. A unidimensional interval scale of activities of daily living means that a person who can perform the most difficult item on a scale can also perform th ...
Pages: 159-162
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A shoulder pain score: a comprehensive questionnaire for assessing pain in patients with shoulder complaints
This study describes the validation and application of a comprehensive questionnaire (the shoulder pain score) in assessing pain experienced by patients with shoulder complaints. The shoulder pain score comprised six pain symptom questions selected from the literature, together with a 101-Numerical Rating Scale (NRS-101). The score was tested in a follow-up study of 101 patients with shoulder comp ...
Pages: 163-167
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Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on H-reflex and spinal spasticity
Goulet C, Arsenault AB, Bourbonnais D, Laramée MT, Lepage Y.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the short-term effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS; 99 Hz; 250 ms pulses) on H-reflex and spinal spasticity. Considering the reflex hyperexcitability commonly displayed in spinal cord-injured subjects, it was hypothesized that repetitive low threshold afferent stimulation would have an inhibitory effect on the triceps surae H-re ...
Pages: 169-176
Abstract  PDF