Content » Vol 28, Issue 3

Magnetic resonance imaging of lower extremity muscles and isokinetic strength in foot dorsiflexors in patients with prior polio

Tollbäck A, Söderlund V, Jakobsson F, Fransson A, Borg K, Borg J.
Department of Neurology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
DOI: 10.2340/165019771996283115123


The thigh and lower leg of six patients with prior polio were examined using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and the strength of their weak foot dorsiflexors was measured isokinetically. Spinecho images of the lower extremities were visually evaluated on a semi-quantitative four-point scale, and T1 and T2 relaxation times of the lower leg anterior compartment were analysed. There were prominent MRI signs of randomly distributed muscle degeneration. The high signal intensity changes in the affected muscles on T1-weighted images and T1 and T2 values indicated replacement of muscle fibres with fat and the accumulation of tissue water, respectively. MRI findings were compared with isokinetic strength in foot dorsiflexor muscles. Foot dorsiflexor peak torque values at 30 deg/s ranged from 6 to 29 Nm. There was no significant correlation between MRI visual scoring, T1 and T2 relaxation times and peak torque values at 30 deg/s. However, the most severe MRI changes with visual scoring and T2 relaxation times were observed in the patients with the most pronounced muscle weakness.

Lay Abstract


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