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Content - Volume 16, Issue 4

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ORIGINAL REPORT
Intra-abdominal Pressure Measurements Using a Wireless Radio Pressure Pill and Two Wire Connected Pressure Transducers: A Comparison
M Nordin, G Elfström, P Dahlquist
Intra-abdominal pressures were measured simultaneously with a wireless radio pill and two wire-connected pressure transducers introduced orally and rectally respectively. Measurements were made on 8 men during common postures, simple activities and static and dynamic lifting. An acceptable correspondence was found in wave forms of the generated pressure curves in time and shape. The three systems ...
Pages: 139-146
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The Role of Alcohol Abuse in Working Disability in Patients With Low Back Pain
J Sandström, G B Andersson, S Wallerstedt
The prevalence of alcohol problems was investigated in 50 patients with chronic low back pain, and compared to an age, sex, civil status, and income matched control group. Alcohol abuse was significantly more frequent among the male low back patients. Within the patient group the use of analgesics and sedatives was not related to the degree of alcohol consumption. Alcohol problems were not found t ...
Pages: 147-149
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A Comparison of the Gaits of Paretic Patients With the Gaits of Control Subjects Carrying a Load
S T Eke-Okoro, L E Larsson
The gaits of 15 patients with peripheral and central paresis were studied. They were compared both with a control group of the same age and sex and with a group of nine subjects who carried varying weights. Velocity was low in the patients and this was due to decreases of both stride length and stride frequency. Load did not significantly decrease the velocity of the control subjects, since unlike ...
Pages: 151-158
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The Effects of Physical Training and Flunarizine on Walking Capacity in Intermittent Claudication
M Lepäntalo, S Sundberg, A Gordin
The clinical significance of drugs improving red cell deformability is not confirmed. We established the effect of physical training alone and combined with flunarizine on intermittent claudication. Twelve patients aged 48-73 years were included in the study. Pain-free walking distance on treadmill, ankle/arm pressure ratio and transcutaneous oxygen tension were measured. Walking distance increase ...
Pages: 159-162
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Motion of the Pubic Symphysis in Pelvic Instability
G G Walheim, S Olerud, T Ribbe
Pelvic instability is a term widely used to describe a clinical entity characterized by pain localized to the pubic symphysis and/or sacroiliac joints. The pain often radiates down the leg. Hypermobility of the pelvic joints has been suggested as the cause of pain. Apart from several clinical stress tests, attempts at establishing objective evidence of such mobility have mainly consisted in radiol ...
Pages: 163-169
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Outcome of Patients With a Nailed Hip Fracture Requiring Rehabilitation in a Hospital for Chronic Care
J Snaedal, M Thorngren, L Ceder, K G Thorngren
The rehabilitation outcome of seventy-eight consecutive patients with nailed hip fractures admitted to a hospital for chronic care from an orthopaedic department during 1977 through 1980 was followed for two years. They comprised only 13% of all hip fracture patients, the others being discharged to their own homes or old people's homes. Thirty-four of the admitted patients came originally from the ...
Pages: 171-176
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Compression Bandage in the Treatment of Ankle Sprains. A Comparative Prospective Study
F Linde, I Hvass, U Jürgensen, F Madsen
The value of a compression bandage applied for 4 days following ankle sprains was assessed in a comparative study. The effect of the treatment was evaluated by changes in an inflammatory score based on a combination of subjective (pain, function) and objective (swelling, limitation of movement, pain on passive movement) factors. The study included two consecutive series each of 50 patients treated ...
Pages: 177-179
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