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Preview of fully accepted papers, still not published in any volume
Objectives: Rehabilitation of patients following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been widely studied; however, research into early rehabilitation after CABG is sparse. The aim of this trial was to assess the impact of early rehabilitation, compared with usual care in patients following CABG.
Design: Randomized controlled trial.
Patients: A total of 326 patients treated with CABG.
Objective: To assess the effects of manually assisted body-weight supported locomotor training in subjects with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury.
Design: Randomized controlled clinical trial.
Subjects: Twenty subjects with American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale grades C or D and > 2 years post-injury.
Methods: Random allocation to 60 days of body-weight supported locomotor ...
Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effects of mechanical inspiration and expiration exercise using mechanical cough assist on velopharyngeal incompetence in patients with subacute stroke.
Design: Pilot, randomized controlled study.
Setting: University-based rehabilitation centre.
Subjects: Thirty-six patients with subacute stroke diagnosed with velopharyngeal incompetence by videofluoros ...
Objectives: Debate regarding factors associated with persistent symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury continues. Nested within a trial aiming to change practice in emergency department management of mild traumatic brain injury, this study investigated the nature of persistent symptoms, work/study outcomes, anxiety and quality of life and factors associated with persistent symptoms followi ...
Objective: To investigate the impact of unilateral spatial neglect with or without other cognitive impairments on recovery of independent gait in stroke survivors.
Design: A prospective cohort study.
Subjects: Ninety-four stroke survivors in an inpatient rehabilitation ward.
Methods: The presence of unilateral spatial neglect was assessed by the visuospatial perception score of the Stroke Impai ...
Objective: To understand clients’ experiences of the recovery journey through the compensation system and to identify areas and strategies for quality improvement.
Methods: A qualitative study of 23 participants with physical or mental disabilities caused by traffic accidents, which occurred, on average, 4 years ago. Purposive sampling of long-term recovery clients who made a compensation claim ...
Objective: To determine the usefulness of an un-stable board balance test in identifying a fall history among high-functioning community-dwelling elderly individuals.
Design: Case-control study.
Subjects: Sixty-one community-dwelling elderly aged ≥ 65 years and having the capacity to walk independently without an assistive device.
Methods: Subjects completed 3 balance performance tests: the ...
To compare the cost-effectiveness of a multimodal back exercise programme for non-specific back pain with that of standard treatment. Medical costs were measured in euros (EUR) and effectiveness was measured using Graded Chronic Pain Status (GCPS).
A controlled multicentre study (39 sites) with a 6-month intervention phase and follow-up at 6, 12 and 18 months.
The study included 1,829 particip ...
Objective: To compare easy-to-use International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-based measures of functioning with the level and severity of spinal cord injury.
Methods: Cross-sectional study. Patients (n = 142) and their significant others completed the 12-item World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) questionnaire. A physician at the u ...
Objective: To determine: (i) whether the use of ankle-foot orthoses over a period of 26 weeks affects tibialis anterior muscle activity; (ii) whether the timing of provision of ankle-foot orthoses (early or delayed) affects the results; (iii) whether the provision of ankle-foot orthoses affects tibialis anterior muscle activity within a single measurement.
Design: Randomized controlled trial.
Objective: Psychological factors influence stroke outcomes, such as participation and quality of life. Although important for clinical practice, not much is known about the temporal stability of these factors. This study explored whether psychological factors are stable post-stroke.
Methods: Prospective longitudinal cohort study. The following psychological factors were assessed using self-repor ...
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of, and risk factors for, cerebral palsy in Henan province, China.
Methods: The prevalence of cerebral palsy in children aged 0–6 years between September 2011 and September 2012 was investigated using a stratified-clustered-random sampling method. An age-, sex- , and residence-matched control group of typically developing children was recruited. Univariate ...