Content - Preview

Preview of fully accepted papers, still not published in any volume

ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on chronic central pain after mild traumatic brain injury: A pilot study
Objective: Central pain can occur following traumatic brain injury, leading to poor functional recovery, limitation of activities of daily living, and decreased quality of life. The aim of this study was to determine whether high-frequency (10 Hz) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, applied over the primary motor cortex of the affected hemisphere, can be used to manage chronic central pa ...
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Relationships between internal and external handcycle training load in people with spinal cord injury training for the handbikebattle
Objective: To establish the relationship between internal and external handcycling training load for monitoring training in people with paraplegia. Design: Observational study. Subjects: Ten people with paraplegia. Methods: All participants performed a graded peak exercise test. Power output and heart rate (HR) were measured and the session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) was determined du ...
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Effectiveness of ultrasound-guided vs direct approach corticosteroid injections for carpal tunnel syndrome: A double-blind randomized controlled trial
Objective: To compare the outcomes of ultrasound-guided vs direct approach corticosteroid injection in patients with idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome. Methods: A double-blind randomized controlled study. Wrists affected by carpal tunnel syndrome were randomized to the ultrasound-guided (n = 22 wrists) or direct approach injection group (n = 17 wrists) before receiving 1 ml Betamethasone. ...
Abstract  PDF
REVIEW ARTICLE
Effect of postsurgical rehabilitation programmes in patients operated for lung cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Objective: To review the evidence concerning the effects of postoperative exercise interventions on exercise capacity and health-related quality of life following resection for non-small cell lung cancer, and to review whether different initiation times of exercise produce different effects on exercise capacity. Data sources: Comprehensive literature search of MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, CINAHL an ...
Abstract  PDF
REVIEW ARTICLE
Effectiveness of conservative treatment for patellofemoral pain syndrome: A systematic review controlled study and meta-analysis
Objective: To evaluate the evidence regarding the effectiveness of conservative treatment in reducing patellofemoral pain. Data sources: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PEDro databases. Study selection: Adults with patellofemoral pain, randomized controlled trials only, any conservative treatment compared with placebo, sham, other conservative treatment, or no treatment. Two independent reviewers. ...
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Aerobic capacity explains physical functioning and participation in patients with multiple sclerosis-related fatigue
Objective: To investigate whether aerobic capacity explains the level of self-reported physical activity, physical functioning, and participation and autonomy in daily living in persons with multiple sclerosis-related fatigue. Design: A cross-sectional study. Patients: Sixty-two participants with multiple sclerosis-related fatigue. Methods: Aerobic capacity was measured with a leg ergometer ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Bladder irrigation with Chlorhexidine reduces bacteriuria in persons with spinal cord injury
Objective: To explore whether bladder irrigation with chlorhexidine: (i) can reduce bacteriuria, and (ii) is a practically feasible option in subjects with spinal cord injury practicing intermittent self-catheterization. Design: A prospective, non-controlled, open, multi-centre study. Methods: Fifty patients with spinal cord injury, practicing intermittent self-catheterization, with a history o ...
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
The value of incorporating personally relevant stimuli into consciousness assessment with the Coma Recovery Scale – Revised: A pilot study
Objective: To explore whether the use of personally relevant stimuli, for some tasks in the Coma Recovery Scale – Revised (CRS-R), generates more responses in patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness compared with neutral stimuli. Design: Multiple single-case design. Subjects: Three patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness recruited from an inpatient department at a region ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Standing postural reaction to visual and proprioceptive stimulation in chronic acquired demyelinating polyneuropathy
Objective: To investigate the weight of visual and proprioceptive inputs, measured indirectly in standing position control, in patients with chronic acquired demyelinating polyneuropathy (CADP). Design: Prospective case study. Subjects: Twenty-five patients with CADP and 25 healthy controls. Methods: Posture was recorded on a double force platform. Stimulations were optokinetic (60°/s) for v ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Validation of the Early Functional Abilities scale: An assessment of four dimensions in early recovery after traumatic brain injury
Objective: The Early Functional Abilities scale assesses the restoration of brain function after brain injury, based on 4 dimensions. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the validity, objectivity, reliability and measurement precision of the Early Functional Abilities scale by Rasch model item analysis. A secondary objective was to examine the relationship between the Early Functio ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Sensory impairments and wrist fractures: A case-control study
Objectives: To investigate vestibular function, foot sensation, postural control and functional abilities, and to evaluate whether these variables are associated with fall-related wrist fracture. Methods: A case-control study was conducted with 98 subjects, age range 50–75 years, who had sustained a fall-related wrist fracture. Forty-eight sex-, age- and physical activity-matched individuals, ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Evaluation of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme for elderly patients with hip fracture: A prospective cohort study
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness and cost of an 18-month multi-disciplinary Comprehensive Fragility Fracture Management Program (CFFMP) for fragility hip fracture patients. Design: Prospective cohort study. Patients: Elderly patients with hip fracture were recruited at their first postoperative follow-up in 2 district hospitals. The intervention group comprised patients from the hospi ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Responsiveness of performance-based outcome measures for mobility, balance, muscle strength and manual dexterity in adults with myotonic dystrophy type 1
Objective: To assess changes and responsiveness in outcome measures of mobility, balance, muscle strength and manual dexterity in adults with myotonic dystrophy type 1. Design: A 9-year longitudinal study conducted with 113 patients. Methods: The responsiveness of the Timed Up and Go test, Berg Balance Scale, quantitative muscle testing, grip and pinch-grip strength, and Purdue Pegboard Test wa ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
REVIEW ARTICLE
Effects of telehealth by allied health professionals and nurses in rural and remote areas: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Objective: To describe telehealth interventions delivered by allied health professionals and nurses in rural and remote areas, and to compare the effects of telehealth interventions with standard face-to-face interventions. Data sources: CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO and PubMed databases were searched. The content of relevant journals and published articles were also searched. Study selection: Studi ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
External validation of approaches to prediction of falls during hospital rehabilitation stays and development of a new simpler tool
Objectives: To test the external validity of 4 approaches to fall prediction in a rehabilitation setting (Predict_FIRST, Ontario Modified STRATIFY (OMS), physiotherapists’ judgement of fall risk (PT_Risk), and falls in the past year (Past_Falls)), and to develop and test the validity of a simpler tool for fall prediction in rehabilitation (Predict_CM2). Participants: A total of 300 consecutivel ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
SPECIAL REPORT
The challenges of describing rehabilitation services: A discussion paper
To apply the Classification of Service Organization in Rehabilitation (ICSO-R) classification of services to different target groups, include the user perspective, identify missing categories, and propose standardized descriptors for the categories from a Norwegian perspective. Expert-based consensus conferences with user involvement. Health professionals, stakeholders and users. Participant ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
SPECIAL REPORT
Responding to the World Health Organization Gobal Disability Action Plan in Ukraine: Developing a National Disability, Health and Rehabilitation Plan
In order to support the development of a National Disability, Health and Rehabilitation Plan (NDHRP) for Ukraine, a technical consultation was carried out by a Rehabilitation Advisory Team (RAT) of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM) in 2015. The consultation was based on assessment of the situation of persons with disabilities and the rehabilitation system in ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Predictors of return-to-work in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain: A randomized clinical trial
Objective: To assess the predictive effect of a multidisciplinary intervention programme, pain, work-related factors and health, including anxiety/depression and beliefs, on return-to-work for patients sick-listed due to musculoskeletal pain. Design: A randomized clinical study. Methods: A total of 284 patients were randomized to either a multidisciplinary intervention programme (n = 141) ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Kinaesthetic ability training improves unilateral neglect and functional outcome in patients with stroke: A randomized control trial
Objective: To investigate the effects of kinaesthetic ability training with the Kinesthetic Ability Trainer (KAT) on unilateral neglect and functional outcomes in stroke patients. Study design: An assessor-blinded, randomized controlled, clinical trial. Methods: A total of 64 stroke patients with unilateral neglect (mean age 61 (standard deviation (SD) 12) years, 60.4% male, mean time since str ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
REVIEW ARTICLE
Factors associated with upper leg muscle strength in knee osteoarthritis: A scoping review
Objective: Muscle weakness is common and strongly related to clinical outcome in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis. To date, there is no clear overview of the information on factors associated with muscle strength in knee and hip osteoarthritis. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of current knowledge on factors associated with upper leg muscle strength in this population. Desi ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
SPECIAL REPORT
Implementation of Clinical Quality Management for Rehabilitation in Malaysia
In February 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) launched its historic ”Rehabilitation 2030: A Call for Action”. Scaling up rehabilitation in health systems requires concerted action across all 6 components of WHO’s Health Systems Framework. For rehabilitation, information about functioning is essential, as it is required for effective rehabilitation at all levels of the health system. ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
REVIEW ARTICLE
Functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses provide equivalent therapeutic effects on foot drop: A meta-analysis providing direction for future research
Objective: To compare the randomized controlled trial evidence for therapeutic effects on walking of functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses for foot drop caused by central nervous system conditions. Data sources: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, REHABDATA, PEDro, NIHR Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, Scopus and clinicaltrials.gov. Study sel ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Respiratory, cardiovascular and metabolic responses during different modes of overground bionic ambulation in persons with motor-incomplete spinal cord injury: A case series
Objective: To investigate the effects of overground bionic ambulation with variable assistance on cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses in persons with motor-incomplete spinal cord injury. Design: Case series. Subjects: Four participants with chronic, motor-incomplete spinal cord injury. Methods: Subjects completed a maximal graded exercise test on an arm-ergometer and 3 6-min bouts of over ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
SPECIAL REPORT
Challenges and barriers for implementation of the World Health Organization Global Disability Action Plan in low- and middle- income countries
Objective: To identify potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the World Health Organization Global Disability Action Plan (GDAP) in Nigeria and compare these with other low- and middle-income countries. Methods: A rehabilitation team from the Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Australia, conducted intensive workshops at medical/academic institutions in Nigeria for healthcare ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
SPECIAL REPORT
Principles of Assessment of Rehabilitation Services in Health Systems: Learning from experiences
Objective: Strengthening of health-related rehabilitation services must start from the needs of persons with health conditions experiencing disability and should be implemented within health systems. The implementation of rehabilitation services in health systems should be planned and realized according to the World Health Organization’s 6 constituents of health systems (i.e. health service deli ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
SPECIAL REPORT
Strengthening health-related rehabilitation services at national levels
Objective: One of the aims of the World Health Organization’s Global Disability Action Plan is to strengthen rehabilitation services. Some countries have requested support to develop (scale-up) rehabilitation services. This paper describes the measures required and how (advisory) missions can support this purpose, with the aim of developing National Disability, Health and Rehabilitation Plans. ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
SPECIAL REPORT
World Health Organization Global Disability Action Plan: The Mongolian Perspective
Objective: To provide an update on disability and rehabilitation in Mongolia, and to identify potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Disability Action Plan (GDAP). Methods: A 4-member rehabilitation team from the Royal Melbourne Hospital conducted an intensive 6-day workshop at the Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, for ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF
SPECIAL REPORT
Rehabilitation: The health strategy of the 21st century
There is strong evidence that population ageing and the epidemiological transition to a higher incidence of chronic, non-communicable diseases will continue to profoundly impact societies worldwide, putting more pressure on healthcare systems to respond to the needs of the people they serve. These trends argue for the need to address what matters to people about their health: limitations in their ...
Abstract  HTML  PDF