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These articles have been accepted for publication in Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine and are currently being edited and typeset. Readers should note that articles published below have been fully refereed, but have not been through the copy-editing and proof correction process. Only Abstract is possible to read. When this process is finalized the complete paper will be able to find.
Generalizability of findings from systematic reviews and meta-analyses in the Leading General Medical Journals
Antti Malmivaara
Objective: To assess how items relevant for the assessment of the generalizability of findings from randomized controlled trials were recorded in systematic reviews published in leading general medical journals. Methods: All systematic reviews and meta-analyses published in the BMJ, JAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association), Lancet and Annals of Internal Medicine from 1 January 2016 ...
Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis in subjects with congestive heart failure undergoing cardiac rehabilitation: A decision tree analysis
Pasquale Ambrosino, Domenico Scrutinio, Maurizio De Campi, Enzo Miniero, Roberto Formisano, Giorgio Alfredo Spedicato, Gian Luca Iannuzzi, Nicola Pappone
Objective: To assess the prevalence of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis and its relationship with vascular risk factors among patients with congestive heart failure. Design: Population-based cross-sectional study. Participants: A total of 584 consecutive patients admitted to a Rehabilitative Cardiology Unit. Methods: Chi-square Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID) decision tree analys ...
Impact of spasticity on functioning in spinal cord injury: an application of graphical modelling
Cristina Ehrmann, Seyed Mahdi Mahmoudi, Birgit Prodinger, Carlotte Kiekens, Per Ertzgaard
Objective: To identify the impact of moderate-to-severe spasticity on functioning in people living with spinal cord injury. Design: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional survey data using graphical modelling. Subjects: Individuals (n = 1,436) with spinal cord injury aged over 16 years with reported spasticity problems. Methods: Spasticity and 13 other impairments in body functions were asse ...
Acute care models for hip fracture treatment vs post-acute rehabilitation services in older adults after hip fracture: A comparative claims data analysis from Germany
Clemens Becker, Kilian Rapp, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Claudia Schulz, Hans-Helmut König, Gisela Büchele
Objective: Acute geriatric care (geriatric early rehabilitative treatment) and sub-acute (inpatient) geriat-ric rehabilitation are delivered to geriatric patients in Germany after hip fracture. The aim of this study was to compare patients’ outcomes after hip fracture between 3 German federal states (Hesse, Bavaria, and Baden-Wuerttemberg) that nearly exclusively offered one of the two geriatric ...
Communicating and diagnosing non-specific low back pain: A qualitative study of the healthcare practitioners’ perspectives using a social diagnosis framework
Rikke Arnborg Lund, Alice Kongsted, Eva Bäcker Hansen, Corrie Myburgh
Background: There is general agreement that non-specific low back pain is best understood within a biopsychosocial understanding of health. However, clinicians and patients seemingly adhere to a biomedical model, which may introduce misperceptions of pain and does not inform treatment or prognosis. Objective: To explore, from the perspective of healthcare practitioners, how persistent non-specifi ...
Additive effect of cerebrolysin and amantadine on disorders of consciousness secondary to acquired brain injury: A retrospective case-control study
Seunghwan Lee, Hyun Haeng Lee, Yejin Lee, Jongmin Lee
Background: Acquired brain injury can cause disorders of consciousness. An additive effect of cerebrolysin and amantadine has been postulated, but not systematically studied. The present study aimed to investigate this additive effect in patients with disorders of consciousness secondary to acquired brain injury. Methods: The medical records of patients diagnosed with disorders of consciousness a ...
Nutritional improvement is associated with better functional outcome in stroke rehabilitation: A cross-sectional study using controlling nutritional status
Hiroshi Kishimoto, Arito Yodu, Yutaka Kohno, Hirotaka Oose
Objective: To investigate the relationship between changes in nutritional status and the functional outcome of adult post-stroke patients hospitalized for rehabilitation. Design: A cross-sectional study Subjects: Post-stroke patients who were admitted to a convalescent rehabilitation ward. Methods: On admission and discharge, the nutritional status of each subject was assessed using the “con ...
Post hoc analysis of shoulder spasticity and safety following treatment with incobotulinumtoxinA
Jörg Wissel, Djamel Bensmail, Astrid Scheschonka, Birgit Flatau-Baqué, Olivier Simon, Michael Althaus, David M. Simpson
Objective: The Titration study in lOWer and uppER-limb spasticity (TOWER) study (NCT01603459), evaluated incobotulinumtoxinA for upper- and lower-limb spasticity. This post hoc analysis assessed shoulder spasticity in patients who received injections into the shoulder. Methods: Subjects received 3 injection cycles with escalating incobotulinumtoxinA doses on the same side (400, 600, 600–800 U; ...
Factors affecting the usability of an assistive soft robotic glove after stroke or multiple sclerosis
Susanne Palmcrantz, Jeanette Plantin, Jörgen Borg
Objective: To explore the usability and effects of an assistive soft robotic glove in the home setting after stroke or multiple sclerosis. Design: A mixed methods design. Methods: Participants with stroke (n  =  10) or multiple sclerosis (n  =  10) were clinically assessed, and instructed to use the glove in activities of daily living for 6 weeks. They reported their experience o ...
What is a return to work after stroke? 12-month outcomes in a feasibility trial
Kathryn Radford, Mary I. Grant, Emma J Sinclair, Jade Kettlewell, Connor Watkin
Objective: Stroke is the greatest cause of disability in adults. A quarter of strokes affect people of working age, yet under half return to work after stroke. There has been little investigation into what constitutes “return to work” following stroke. The aim of this study is to describe the work metrics of stroke survivor participants in a feasibility randomized controlled trial of an early ...
Functional outcomes of rehabilitation in patients with subacute stroke on haemodialysis
Goro Shinjo, Yohei Otaka, Kaori Muraoka, Hiroki Ebata, Meigen Liu
Objective: To examine functional outcomes in patients with subacute stroke who are on haemodialysis. Design: Observational cohort study. Subjects: Patients with stroke who were admitted to rehabilitation wards between April 2011 and August 2016 were retrospectively enrolled. Methods: Data on the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and discharge destination were collected from medical records ...
Does inspiration efficiency influence the stability limits of the trunk in patients with chronic low back pain?
Regina Finta, Krisztina Boda, Edit Nagy, Tamás Bender
Objective: To determine the effects of diaphragm-strengthening training on the stability limits of the trunk and inspiratory function in patients with low back pain. Design: A randomized comparative trial including a diaphragm training group that took part in conventional training together with diaphragm strengthening, and a control group that took part in conventional training only. Both groups ...
Description of orthotic properties and effects evaluation of ankle-foot orthoses in non-spastic calf muscle weakness
Niels F.J. Waterval, Merel-Anne Brehm, Jaap Harlaar, Frans Nollet
Objective: To describe the orthotic properties and evaluate the effects of ankle-foot orthoses for calf muscle weakness in persons with non-spastic neuromuscular disorders compared with shoes-only. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: Thirty-four persons who used ankle-foot orthoses for non-spastic calf muscle weakness. Methods: The following orthotic properties were measured: ankle-foot o ...
Reliability of standardized ultrasound measurements of quadriceps muscle thickness in neurological critically ill patients: a comparison to computed tomography measures.
Charline Tourel, Laetitia Burnol, Julien Lanoiselé, Serge Molliex, Magalie Viallon, Pierre Croisille, Jerome Morel
Objective: Muscle atrophy is frequent in critically ill patients and is associated with increased mortality and long-lasting alteration in quality of life. Muscle ultrasound has not been clearly validated in intensive care unit patients. The aim of this study was to compare the level of agreement between ultrasound and computed tomography scan for the measurement of quadriceps muscle thickness. D ...