Content - Volume 40, Issue 1
Editors choice in this issue
Objective: To report the results from a prospective, cognitive-behavioural team-based, individually geared, low-intensity, rehabilitation programme, randomly assigned to care-seekers in primary care physiotherapy with new pain-related sick leave, and to examine a possible reduction in social security expenditure.
Methods: A total of 194 care-seekers were included in a stepwise procedure from No ...
Objective: To examine the reliability and validity of the physical activity decline (PAD) score: a measure for assessing a decline in the level of physical activity in patients with chronic pain.
Design: This study was embedded in a prognostic cohort study based on an inception cohort of patients with sub-acute low back pain.
Patients: Sixty-two patients who developed chronic pain participated ...
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the economic consequences of an 8-week multiprofessional rehabilitation programme for patients with persistent pain.
Subjects: A group of 67 patients following the programme and a comparison group of 322 patients.
Methods: The effect on return to work was estimated using 3 different methods: (i) a matched sample approach; (ii) regression analysi ...
Objective: To explore the strength of the association between gait speed and community ambulation and whether this association is significantly distorted by other variables.
Design: Cross-sectional study conducted 3 years after stroke.
Subjects: A total of 102 patients after first-ever stroke following inpatient rehabilitation who are now living in the community.
Methods: Community ambulation ...
Objective: This study aimed: (i) to determine the level of agreement between responses of people with stroke and their proxies on a participation questionnaire, and (ii) to explore patient and proxy characteristics related to disagreement between their responses.
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Subjects: A total of 40 community-dwelling people with stroke and their proxies (total n = 80).
Objective: To measure the impact of botulinum toxin A on associated reactions in patients following stroke.
Design: Randomized placebo-controlled trial.
Patients: Forty patients with spasticity in their paretic arm (median time since stroke: 2.7 years) were randomized to botulinum toxin A (Dysport® 1000 mouse units (MU) divided between elbow, wrist and finger flexors) or placebo.
Objective: To evaluate the effects of progressive resistance training on muscle strength, muscle tone, gait performance and perceived participation after stroke.
Design: A randomized controlled trial.
Subjects: Twenty-four subjects (mean age 61 years (standard deviation 5)) 6–48 months post-stroke.
Methods: The training group (n = 15) participated in supervised progressive r ...
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation synchronized with maximal effort to make a target movement in patients with chronic hemiplegia involving the hand.
Design: Non-randomized double-blinded controlled trial.
Subjects: Nine chronic patients with hemiplegia who were unable to fully extend the affected fingers following stroke.
Objective: To compare changes on biopsychosocial variables between adults (< 65 years) and older adults (≥ 65 years) during and after an inpatient rehabilitation program.
Design: Comparative study.
Participants: A total of 165 people 18 years and over admitted to an inpatient rehabilitation unit.
Methods: The participants were evaluated 3 times: at admission and discharg ...
Objective: To describe sexual life in women with spinal cord injury.
Design: Controlled cross-sectional, questionnaire.
Participants and methods: Women, 18–65 years, treated at spinal cord centres in Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland and Iceland. 545 women (57%) completed the questionnaires. The age-matched control group consisted of 507 women. The 104-item Spinal Cord Injury Women Questi ...
Objective: Comprehensively and objectively assess physical activity, aerobic fitness and body fat in adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele and to investigate their relationships.
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Subjects: Fifty-one persons (26 males) with myelomeningocele aged 21.1 (standard deviation) 4.5) years.
Methods: Physical activity was measured with an accelerometry-bas ...