Content - Volume 32, Issue 1
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Studies on the aetiology and treatment of post-stroke hand oedema and shoulder-hand syndrome (SHS) published from January 1973 until August 1998 were identified. Eleven studies were included with at least some control for confounding. These were evaluated on 11 methodological criteria and by standardized effect sizes. There were five aetiological studies: four cohort studies and one study consisti ...
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether swallowing training improves swallowing function in patients with Parkinson's disease. Ten patients (5 males, 5 females) who had symptoms of dysphagia and 12 healthy volunteers were studied. The initiation time of the swallowing reflex, the "premotor time" (PMT), was calculated from an electromyogram of the submental muscles before and afte ...
The aim of the present study was to determine whether any significant alterations of evoked potentials could be detected after treatment of patients with multiple sclerosis with a cooling suit. All patients had previously experienced a positive effect of this treatment. Six patients were investigated with visual, sensory and motor evoked potentials and six further patients with only motor evoked p ...
Eight cryopositive patients with multiple sclerosis used cooling suits for 40 minutes regularly one or more times daily for a six-week period. The patients were given repeated motor and mental tests by a physiotherapist in order to determine whether they had a continuous beneficial effect of cooling during this period. Additionally, selected activities of daily living performed in the patient's ho ...
To evaluate alternative methods of determining Glasgow Outcome Scale scores, a postal survey was made of 288 general practitioners and 128 relatives of patients who had sustained acute brain injuries 5-7 years previously. The Glasgow Outcome Scale score from the general practitioner and relative were compared with that calculated from questionnaire information by an experienced rater. There was po ...
This study investigated the changes in maximal overground walking speed (MOWS) that occurred during walking training with a functional electrical stimulation (FES) orthosis by chronic spinal cord injured persons with incomplete motor function loss. The average walking speed over a distance of 10 m was calculated while the participants (n = 14) used their FES orthosis with and without power as well ...
Associations between physical ability, level of current physical activity and bone mass were examined in 47 elderly women (mean age 80 years) who had suffered from a hip fracture 3-36 months (mean 17 months) previously. Measures of physical ability included isokinetic quadriceps strength of both the non-fractured and fractured leg, and walking and stair climbing speed. An estimate of current physi ...
The aim of this study was to describe the relief of symptoms and improvement in other aspects of health-related quality of life 5 years after coronary artery by-pass grafting in relation to age. Patients in western Sweden were approached with an inquiry prior to surgery and 5 years after the operation. Health-related quality of life was estimated with 3 different instruments: Physical Activity Sco ...