Content

Content - Volume 32, Issue 1

All articles

ORIGINAL REPORT
Systematic review of aetiology and treatment of post-stroke hand oedema and shoulder-hand syndrome
Geurts AC, Visschers BA, van Limbeek J, Ribbers GM
Studies on the aetiology and treatment of post-stroke hand oedema and shoulder-hand syndrome (SHS) published from January 1973 until August 1998 were identified. Eleven studies were included with at least some control for confounding. These were evaluated on 11 methodological criteria and by standardized effect sizes. There were five aetiological studies: four cohort studies and one study consisti ...
Pages: 4-10
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of swallowing training on swallowing disorders in Parkinson's disease
Nagaya M, Kachi T, Yamada T.
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether swallowing training improves swallowing function in patients with Parkinson's disease. Ten patients (5 males, 5 females) who had symptoms of dysphagia and 12 healthy volunteers were studied. The initiation time of the swallowing reflex, the "premotor time" (PMT), was calculated from an electromyogram of the submental muscles before and afte ...
Pages: 11-15
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of cooling suit treatment in patients with multiple sclerosis evaluated by evoked potentials
Kinnman J, Andersson T, Andersson G
The aim of the present study was to determine whether any significant alterations of evoked potentials could be detected after treatment of patients with multiple sclerosis with a cooling suit. All patients had previously experienced a positive effect of this treatment. Six patients were investigated with visual, sensory and motor evoked potentials and six further patients with only motor evoked p ...
Pages: 16-19
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Cooling suit for multiple sclerosis: functional improvement in daily living?
Kinnman J, Andersson U, Wetterquist L, Kinnman Y, Andersson U
Eight cryopositive patients with multiple sclerosis used cooling suits for 40 minutes regularly one or more times daily for a six-week period. The patients were given repeated motor and mental tests by a physiotherapist in order to determine whether they had a continuous beneficial effect of cooling during this period. Additionally, selected activities of daily living performed in the patient's ho ...
Pages: 20-24
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Simple assessment of outcome after acute brain injury using the Glasgow Outcome Scale
Hellawell DJ, Signorini DF, Pentland B.
To evaluate alternative methods of determining Glasgow Outcome Scale scores, a postal survey was made of 288 general practitioners and 128 relatives of patients who had sustained acute brain injuries 5-7 years previously. The Glasgow Outcome Scale score from the general practitioner and relative were compared with that calculated from questionnaire information by an experienced rater. There was po ...
Pages: 25-27
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Functional electrical stimulation-assisted walking for persons with incomplete spinal injuries: longitudinal changes in maximal overground walking speed
Ladouceur M, Barbeau H.
This study investigated the changes in maximal overground walking speed (MOWS) that occurred during walking training with a functional electrical stimulation (FES) orthosis by chronic spinal cord injured persons with incomplete motor function loss. The average walking speed over a distance of 10 m was calculated while the participants (n = 14) used their FES orthosis with and without power as well ...
Pages: 28-36
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Quadriceps strength in women with a previous hip fracture: relationships to physical ability and bone mass
Madsen OR, Lauridsen UB, Sørensen OH
Associations between physical ability, level of current physical activity and bone mass were examined in 47 elderly women (mean age 80 years) who had suffered from a hip fracture 3-36 months (mean 17 months) previously. Measures of physical ability included isokinetic quadriceps strength of both the non-fractured and fractured leg, and walking and stair climbing speed. An estimate of current physi ...
Pages: 37-40
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Impact of age on improvement in health-related quality of life 5 years after coronary artery bypass grafting
Herlitz J, Wiklund I, Sjöland H, Karlson BW, Karlsson T, Haglid M, Hartford M, Caidahl K.
The aim of this study was to describe the relief of symptoms and improvement in other aspects of health-related quality of life 5 years after coronary artery by-pass grafting in relation to age. Patients in western Sweden were approached with an inquiry prior to surgery and 5 years after the operation. Health-related quality of life was estimated with 3 different instruments: Physical Activity Sco ...
Pages: 41-48
Abstract  PDF
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