Content - Volume 30, Issue 3

All articles

Normal variability of postural measures: implications for the reliability of relative balance performance outcomes
Brouwer B, Culham EG, Liston RA, Grant T
The reliability of outcome measures obtained using the Balance Master and the limits of stability in anterior, posterior, and lateral directions were evaluated in 70 healthy subjects aged 20 to 32 years. Data relating to static sway and the ability to shift the centre of gravity to preset targets were collected on three occasions one week apart. The centre of gravity position and limits of stabili ...
Pages: 131-137
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Subacute and chronic low back pain. Reliability and validity of a Swedish version of the Roland and Morris Disability Questionnaire
Johansson E, Lindberg P.
The purpose of this study was to investigate test-retest reliability and concurrent validity of a Swedish version of the Roland and Morris Disability Questionnaire (RM-Sw), and to describe demographic factors in patients with low back pain of at least 4 weeks' duration seeking outpatient physical therapy treatment in primary care settings. Seventy-two patients participated in the study. The intrac ...
Pages: 139-143
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Treatment of emotionalism with fluoxetine during rehabilitation
Tsai WC, Lai JS, Wang TG
Emotionalism (emotional lability) is a common but distressing phenomenon that occurs frequently in individuals suffering cerebral vascular accidents and other brain diseases. Patients with emotionalism sometimes embarrass their families and themselves, becoming socially disabled despite normal physical function. At its worst, emotionalism interferes with rehabilitation programs, delays progress an ...
Pages: 145-149
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Properties of person hoist spreader bars and their influence on sitting/lifting position
Edlund CK, Harms-Ringdahl K, Ekholm J.
The purpose of this study is to analyse mechanical lifts with regard to how the spreader bar design, e.g. frontal length, height and sagittal depth, affects sitting positions and safety during lift and transfer. The seven spreader bars available on the Swedish market had two-point to four-point suspensions. Twelve subjects were photographed individually sitting in each of three types of sling: div ...
Pages: 151-158
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Long-term follow-up of conservatively treated chronic tennis elbow patients. A prospective and retrospective analysis.
Pienimäki T, Karinen P, Kemilä T, Koivukangas P, Vanharanta H.
This study aimed to assess the long-term outcome of progressive exercise and local pulsed ultrasound in the treatment of 30 chronic tennis elbow patients (2 men, 18 women, mean age 42.3 years). The patients were originally randomised into 1) four-step progressive exercise (EX, n = 16) and 2) local pulsed ultrasound (US, n = 14) treatment groups. Before the beginning of the treatment, the groups we ...
Pages: 159-166
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Blood redistribution and circulatory responses to submaximal arm exercise in persons with spinal cord injury
Hopman MT, Monroe M, Dueck C, Phillips WT, Skinner JS.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate responses to submaximal arm exercise (20%, 40%, and 60% of peak power output) using four conditions to support the circulatory redistribution in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Five males with tetraplegia (TP) and four males with paraplegia (PR) exercised 1) sitting, 2) supine, and 3) sitting with the addition of a) an anti-gravity suit (anti-G), b) ...
Pages: 167-174
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Relative EMG levels in training exercises for abdominal and hip flexor muscles
Andersson EA, Ma Z, Thorstensson A
The main purpose of our study was to compare systematically EMG levels in sub-maximal training exercises for the trunk and hip flexor muscles with those voluntarily attainable in corresponding situations. Six healthy subjects performed three types of standardized training exercises, whose static positions, movement velocity and range of motion were reproduced during maximal voluntary isokinetic st ...
Pages: 175-183
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Widespread musculoskeletal chronic pain associated with smoking. An epidemiological study in a general rural population
Andersson H, Ejlertsson G, Leden I
Data on smoking and pain symptoms from a random sample (n = 1806) of a general population were used to evaluate the association between chronic pain at various locations and smoking. In both genders current smoking was associated with reports of increased pain in low back, neck and with multiple locations. In a multiple logistic regression analysis current smoking was associated with an increase i ...
Pages: 185-191
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