Content - Volume 23, Issue 3

All articles

Pulsed ultrasound treatment in lateral epicondylalgia
Haker E, Lundeberg T
This study was carried out to explore the pain-alleviating effect of pulsed ultrasound in lateral epicondylalgia. Forty-five patients were consecutively assigned at random to two groups for pulsed ultrasound or placebo. The parameters for ultrasound were 1 MHz; 1:4; 1 W/cm2. Each session was for 10 min, two to three times weekly, ten treatments in all. Follow-ups were done after three and twelve m ...
Pages: 115-118
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Low back pain--correspondence between questionnaire, interview and clinical examination
Holmström E, Moritz U
The aim of this study was to analyse the correspondence between answers to a questionnaire about trouble from the musculoskeletal system, answers in a personal interview and clinical findings indicating low back disorder. The questionnaire was answered by 1,773 construction workers. Out of those, 206 workers underwent interview and clinical examination. Among those who reported no lifetime LBT in ...
Pages: 119-125
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Neck and shoulder disorders in medical secretaries. Part I. Pain prevalence and risk factors
Kamwendo K, Linton SJ, Moritz U
420 medical secretaries took part in a cross-sectional study at examining the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders as well as the relationship between neck and shoulder pain and possible risk factors. Sixty-three percent had experienced neck pain sometime during the previous year and while 15% had suffered almost constant pain 32% had experienced neck pain only occasionally. Shoulder pain durin ...
Pages: 127-133
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Neck and shoulder disorders in medical secretaries. Part II. Ergonomical work environment and symptom profile
Kamwendo K, Linton SJ, Moritz U
Seventy-nine medical secretaries with neck and shoulder pain were included in a study aimed at an in-depth description of the ergonomical work environment and the participant's symptom profile, as well as analysing relationships between ergonomical factors and symptoms. Data were collected by daily ratings, questionnaires, and direct observation. The symptom profile showed low mean daily ratings o ...
Pages: 135-142
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A controlled study of the effect of neck school in medical secretaries
Kamwendo K, Linton SJ
The effect of "neck school" on neck and shoulder disorders was studied in medical secretaries. A neck school reinforced with compliance enhancing measures (group B) was compared with a traditional neck school (group A) and a control group (group C). The results show that ergonomical knowledge was good even before the secretaries attended the neck schools and that compliance was significantly highe ...
Pages: 143-152
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Comparison of muscle strength and bone mineral density in healthy postmenopausal women. A cross-sectional population study
Kyllönen ES, Väänänen HK, Heikkinen JE, Kurttila-Matero E, Martikkala V, Vanharanta JH
In this cross-sectional population study with 78 healthy 0.5-5 years postmenopausal, 49-55 year old females a significant simple linear correlation between lumbar spine LII-LIV bone mineral density and adjacent back extensor and flexor isometric muscle strength was found. With the stepwise multiple linear regression analyses the most significant predictors for lumbar spine LII-LIV and femoral neck ...
Pages: 153-157
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The kinematics of idiopathic gait disorder. A comparison with healthy young and elderly females
Wall JC, Hogan DB, Turnbull GI, Fox RA.
In this study the kinematic gait parameters of healthy young and elderly subjects were compared with those of a group of patients with idiopathic gait disorder of the elderly (IGDE), a condition characterized by dysfunctional walking for which no underlying cause can be determined. The velocity and the temporal/distance gait kinematics were measured for self-selected fast, medium and slow speeds o ...
Pages: 159-164
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Psychosocial job factors and symptoms from the locomotor system--a multicausal analysis
Theorell T1, Harms-Ringdahl K, Ahlberg-Hultén G, Westin B
The effects of physical and psychosocial work environment factors on emotions, psychosomatic and endocrine (cortisol and testosterone) states, back pain, symptoms of degenerative joint disease, and absenteeism for sickness, were studied in 147 men and 60 women in six occupations representing widely different physical and psychological activities. In most subjects, measurements were carried out twi ...
Pages: 165-173
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Traumatic brain injury in northern Sweden. Incidence and prevalence of long-standing impairments and disabilities
Johansson E, Rönnkvist M, Fugl-Meyer AR.
Based on a retrospective survey of hospital admissions and autopsies the incidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) for the age range 16-60 was found to be 24.9/10,000 in the Umeå district of Northern Sweden. In male youngsters aged 16-19 the incidence was remarkably high in comparison with reports from other parts of the western hemisphere. Self-reports on the prevalence of impairments and disabi ...
Pages: 179-185
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