Content

Content - Volume 19, Issue 3

All articles

ORIGINAL REPORT
Social, Functional, and Neuropsychological Determinants of the Psychiatric Symptoms of Stroke Patients Receiving Rehabilitation and Living at Home
R A Weddell
In view of the strong evidence supporting the hypothesis that high Expressed Emotion of a key relative contributes to relapse in psychiatric patients, methods used in Expressed Emotion research were applied in an investigation of psychiatric disorder in stroke patients receiving hospital based rehabilitation and support. Patient mood in 37 stroke patients was related to the critical attitude of a ...
Pages: 93-98
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Memory Disorders as a Function of Traumatic Brain Injury. Word Completion, Recall of Words and Actions
C Larsson, J Rönnberg
The memory performance of a group with traumatic brain injury and a matched control group was assessed using the following methods (a) word completion, (b) immediate free, final free and final cued recall of words and (c) immediate free and final free recall of subject-performed tasks (SPTs) and SPTs without motor action (SPTs-WA). The brain-injured (BI) group was significantly inferior relative t ...
Pages: 99-104
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Leisure Time Physical Activities and the Results of Surgery of Lumbar Disc Herniation
H Alaranta, M Hurme, S L Karppi
The aim of this study was to elucidate the consequences of leisure time physical activities on the one-year results of surgery of lumbar intervertebral disc herniation. Pre- and postoperative leisure time physical activities and severity of occupation handicap were analyzed from 212 patients. Only to a certain degree the findings support the claim that a high preoperative level of physical activit ...
Pages: 105-108
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Life Conditions of Persons With and Without Low-Back Pain
H Saraste, G Hultman
A comparison of life conditions (such as dwelling, health, leisure-time activities, education, occupation, and work characteristics) was made between age- and sex-stratified groups of persons with and without low-back pain (BP). The primary data were collected from a random, geographically standardized 1:1,000 sample of the Swedish population including 2,872 citizens aged 30-59 years. There were n ...
Pages: 109-113
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A Brief type-A Scale and the Occurrence of Cardiovascular Symptoms
A Järvikoski, K Härkäpää
A short Type-A behaviour pattern scale was tested on 3,221 Finnish state employees (65% men, mean age 38.7 years, and 22% with at least college-level vocational education). The Type-A sum score varied with age, sex and work status, but not with basic education. Respondents were further assigned to two extreme groups according to the Type-A sum score: the Type A's in the highest and -B's in the low ...
Pages: 115-120
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Skin Blood Flow in Relation to External Pressure and Temperature in the Supine Position on a Standard Hospital Mattress
A C Ek, G Gustavsson, D H Lewis
The purpose of this investigation was to study the relationship between skin blood flow, external pressure and temperature in the skin over bony prominences and muscle padded areas, when healthy individuals and patients with hemiplegia were lying in the supine position on a standard hospital mattress. The pressure values under the gluteus maximus muscle and the sacrum increased significantly in th ...
Pages: 121-126
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The Effect of Low-Frequency Electrical Stimulation on Denervation Atrophy in Man
A M Boonstra, T W van Weerden, W H Eisma, V B Pahlplatz, H J Oosterhuis
The effect of low frequency electrical stimulation (LES) on denervation atrophy and recovery of the muscles was examined in a group of 73 patients with a single or a combined total lesion of the median, ulnar or peroneal nerves. The differences between the patients were evaluated by means of clinical muscle force testing, EMG, dynamometry (ulnar and median nerve lesions), computer tomography (ulna ...
Pages: 127-134
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of Laser Versus Placebo in Tennis Elbow
T Lundeberg, E Haker, M Thomas
The purposes of this study were to compare the pain alleviating effects of laser treatment and placebo in tennis elbow. Also, the effects of laser radiation on the radial sensory nerve conduction, and the temperature changes in the tissue surrounding the treated radial nerve were studied. The results show that laser treatment is not significantly better than placebo in treating tennis elbow. Furth ...
Pages: 135-138
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