Trunk muscle strength and back muscle endurance in construction workers with and without low back disorders
Holmström E, Moritz U, Andersson M.
Bygghälsan, Swedish Construction Industry's Organization for the Working Environment and Health, Malmö
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that male workers exposed to heavy work and with no lifetime history of a low back disorder (group A) have better trunk muscle strength and back muscle endurance compared to male workers with the same work exposure but with a probable (group B) or definite low back disorder (group C). Group A (n = 42) was clinically negative on physical examination. Group B (n = 75) was clinically negative or uncertain and group C (n = 86) was clinically positive, with current or previous low back disorders occurring in both groups. Group A had a significantly higher mean intraindividual extension/flexion ratio, namely 1.29 versus 1.19, in group C. The mean values for maximum isometric trunk extension and flexion strength did not differ between the groups. The isometric trunk extensor endurance was significantly lower in group C than in both group A and group B
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