Content » Vol 52, Issue 6

Original report

The MAP-Hand: Psychometric properties and differences in activity performance between patients with carpometacarpal osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis

Anne Therese Tveter, Nina Østerås, Randi Nossum, Ruth Else Mehl Eide, Åse Klokkeide, Karin Hoegh Matre, Monika Olsen, Øyvor Andreassen, Alison Hammond, Ingvild Kjeken
Department of Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, 0370 Oslo, Norway. E-mail:
DOI: 10.2340/16501977-2696


Objective: To assess construct validity (Rasch analyses) of the Measure of Activity Performance of the Hand (MAP-Hand) in people with carpometacarpal osteoarthritis (CMC1 OA), and to explore differences in activity performance between people with CMC1 OA and those with rheumatoid arthritis.
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Subjects: A total of 180 people with CMC1 OA referred for surgical consultation were recruited from rheumatology clinics in Norway, and 340 people with rheumatoid arthritis were recruited from outpatient rheumatology clinics in the UK.
Methods: The MAP-Hand consists of 18 predefined items scored on a 4-point scale from 1 (no difficulty) to 4 (unable to do), from which a mean score is calculated. Construct validity was assessed using Rasch analyses. Differences between the 2 groups were assessed using an independent sample t-test at the group level and differential item functioning (condition as grouping variable) at the item level.
Results: Some mis-targeting of data and clusters of dependency were found, but the MAP-Hand scores showed an overall fit to the model. No between-group difference in total mean MAP-Hand score was found, but there were significant differences between the 2 groups on item levels.
Conclusion: The MAP-Hand showed satisfactory construct validity and could differentiate between people with CMC1 OA and those with rheumatoid arthritis on item levels.

Lay Abstract

This study evaluated the use of the Measure of Activity Performance of the Hand (MAP-Hand), which is an 18-item questionnaire based on patient´s own perception of activity limitations of the hand. The questionnaire was tested in 180 people with osteoarthritis of the base of the thumb and showed that the questionnaire was suitable for use in this patient group. We also compared the scoring of people with hand osteoarthritis to the scoring of 340 people with rheumatoid arthritis and found that, although the total mean score of the questionnaire was the same, the 2 patient groups showed different activity limitations of the hand. While people with hand osteoarthritis had more problems with fine hand use, people with rheumatoid arthritis showed more problems with carrying and pushing items. Further research is needed to evaluate whether the questionnaire may be suitable for use in clinical trials and clinical practice in patients with different forms and stages of hand osteoarthritis.


Do you want to comment on this paper? The comments will show up here and if appropriate the comments will also separately be forwarded to the authors. You need to login/create an account to comment on articles. Click here to login/create an account.