Impact of early mobilization and rehabilitation on global functional outcome one year after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
Tanja Karic, Cecilie Røe, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Frank Becker, Angelika Sorteberg
Dept of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevaal and Rikshospitalet, P.B. 4950 Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, Norway. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Objective: To assess the impact of early mobilization and rehabilitation on global functional outcome one year after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage.
Methods: Prospective, controlled, interventional study comprising patients managed in the neuro-intermediate ward following repair of a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Patients in the Control group (n = 76) received standard treatment, whereas those in the Early Rehab group (n = 92) in addition underwent early mobilization and rehabilitation. Demographic, clinical and intervention data were registered. Global functional outcome was assessed using the modified Rankin Scale and the Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended.
Results: The 2 groups were similar in their demographic and clinical characteristics. Early Rehab group patients were mobilized more quickly (p < 0.001), median 1.4 days (range 0–23 days) after aneurysm repair. After 1 year, 47% of the patients had made a good recovery, whereas 6.5% had died. Regression analysis did not reveal any significant effect of early rehabilitation on functional outcome. However, in poor-grade patients, early rehabilitation more than doubled the chance of a favourable outcome (adjusted odds ratio = 2.33; confidence interval 1.04–5.2, p = 0.039).
Conclusion: Early mobilization and rehabilitation probably increases the chance of a good functional outcome in poor-grade aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage patients.
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