Content » Vol 47, Issue 3

Original report

Five Times Sit-To-Stand test completion times among older women: Influence of seat height and arm position

Shamay S. M. Ng, Susanna Y. Cheung , Lauren S.W. Lai, Ann S.L. Liu, Selena H.I. Ieong, Shirley S.M. Fong
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong (SAR), China. E-mail:
DOI: 10.2340/16501977-1915


Objective: To investigate the interaction of seat height and arm position with completion times for the Five Times Sit-To-Stand test (FTSTS) in older women.
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Setting: University-based rehabilitation centre.
Subjects: Thirty-three women (mean age 61. 8 years, standard deviation 5. 3) participated in this cross-sectional study.
Methods: Time taken to complete the FTSTS with different seat heights (85%, 100% and 115% of knee height) and arm positions (arms across chest, or hands on thighs) was measured with a stopwatch.
Results: FTSTS completion times differed significantly between seat heights of 85% and 115% knee height and between seat heights of 100% and 115% knee height for both arm positions. There was no significant difference between FTSTS completion times for the 2 arm positions at any seat height.
Conclusion: A lower seat height resulted in longer FTSTS completion times in women over 55 years of age, whereas arm position did not significantly affect FTSTS completion times.

Lay Abstract


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