Content » Vol 39, Issue 5

One-year follow-up of mild traumatic brain injury: Cognition, disability and life satisfaction of patients seeking consultation

Britt-Marie Stålnacke, Eva Elgh and Peter Sojka
DOI: 10.2340/16501977-0057


Objective: To investigate cognitive function, symptoms, disabilities and life satisfaction of patients with mild traumatic brain injury who accepted consultation one year post-trauma.
Design: Prospective study.
Patients: Sixty-nine patients (16 accepted the consultation offered, 53 declined).
Methods: At follow-up, the patients answered questionnaires about symptoms, disabilities (RHFUQ) and life satisfaction (LiSat-11). The patients who underwent consultation and their healthy control subjects were administered a neuropsychological evaluation.
Results: In the group undergoing consultation, the number of cognitive tests with outcomes below cut-off limits (–1. 5 SD) was statistically significantly higher compared with a control group (21 tests in 11 patients vs 8 tests in 7 control subjects; p = 0. 025). The number of patients with one or more disability was statistically significantly higher among patients with consultation than without (94% and 34%, respectively; p < 0. 001). Total RHFUQ score was statistically significantly higher for the group with consultation than without (5. 9 ± 3. 7 and 1. 1 ± 2. 3, respectively, p < 0. 001). The group with consultation exhibited a lower level of life satisfaction (41. 5 ± 10. 4 vs 45. 8 ± 13. 8 for the non-consulting group; p = 0. 057).
Conclusion: The high frequency of occurrence of disabilities and lower cognitive functioning, together with the lower
level of life satisfaction, appear to characterize patients choosing consultation 1 year post-injury. This highlights the importance of offering consultation for persons suffering mild head injuries.

Lay Abstract


Do you want to comment on this paper? The comments will show up here and if appropriate the comments will also separately be forwarded to the authors. You need to login/create an account to comment on articles. Click here to login/create an account.