Life satisfaction in spouses of patients with stroke during the first year after stroke
Gunilla Forsberg-Wärleby A1, Anders Möller A3, Christian Blomstrand A1
A1 Institute of Clinical Neuroscience The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University Göteborg Sweden
A2 Department of Occupational Therapy Sahlgrenska University Hospital Göteborg Sweden
A3 Institute for the Health of Women and Children The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University Göteborg Sweden
Objective: The aims of this study were to investigate whether spouses' life satisfaction changed between their life prior to their partner's stroke, and at 4 months and 1 year after stroke, and to study the association between spouses' life satisfaction and objective characteristics of the stroke patients. Subjects and methods: Sixty-seven consecutively enrolled spouses to first-ever stroke patients <75 years of age participated. Life satisfaction was measured with the Life Satisfaction Checklist (LiSat-9). Results: Compared with their life before stroke, the spouses' satisfaction with life as a whole, their leisure situation, daily occupation, sexual life, partner relationship and social contacts was lower 4 months after stroke. No significant change in life satisfaction was observed between 4 months and 1 year. Spouses of patients with sensorimotor impairment and low ability in self-care were less satisfied with their leisure situation, daily occupations, own ability in self-care, sexual life and partner relationship. Spouses of patients with cognitive or astheno-emotional impairments were less satisfied with their partner relationship, family life and sexual life. The associations were stronger at 1 year than at 4 months. Conclusion: There is a need for support over a long time period that focuses on the social, occupational and leisure situation of spouses as well as that of patients.
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