On prediction of vocational rehabilitation outcome at a Swedish employability institute
Roland Melin and Axel R. Fugl-Meyer
Department of Neuroscience Rehabilitation Medicine Uppsala University and the Employability Institute Uppsala Sweden
Objective: The main objective of this investigation was to identify a set of variables usable in early outcome prediction of vocational rehabilitation. Design: On commencement of rehabilitation at an employability institute, data were sampled using structured interviews and checklists. Two years later the subjects were followed up by telephone interviews. Subjects: The study sample was all unemployed with a somatic disorder as the cause of vocational disability, admitted from October 1995 to December 1996 (n = 149). Of these 109 (73%) agreed to participate. Methods: Initially, data on demography, symptoms, expectations/beliefs about future capacity for gainful employment and sense of coherence (as an indicator of coping resources) were sampled. At follow-up the subjects' vocational situations were recorded. Results: At follow-up, 40% were working or employable. Among the about 30 variables included, logistic regression showed that having a relatively high belief in vocational return (odds ratio, OR: 4.6, CI: 1.4-15.4), having a relatively high sense of coherence (OR: 3.5, CI: 1.5-8.4) and having a relatively high educational level (OR: 2.6, CI: 1.1-6.3) were significant predictors of positive outcome. Conclusion: In this sample, socio-psychological and educational aspects were far more predictive of outcome than were medical circumstances.
Do you want to comment on this paper? The comments will show up here and if appropriate the comments will also separately be forwarded to the authors.
You need to login/create an account to comment on articles. Click here to login/create an account