Objective: Data on body fat and fitness in adolescents and young adults with m..." />Objective: Data on body fat and fitness in adolescents and young adults with m...">
Content » Vol 35, Issue 6

Body fat, fitness and level of everyday physical activity in adolescents and young adults with meningomyelocele

Hendrika J. G. van den Berg-Emons, Johannes B. J. Bussmann, Huub J. Meyerink, Marij E. Roebroeck, Henk J. Stam
A1 Rijndam Rehabilitation Center Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam The Netherlands
A2 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam The Netherlands

DOI: 10.1080/16501970310012400

Abstract

Objective: Data on body fat and fitness in adolescents and young adults with meningomyelocele are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess body fat and fitness in this patient group. In addition, we explored whether the level of everyday physical activity is related to body fat and fitness. Subjects and methods: Body fat (skinfold thickness), fitness (VO 2peak ), and everyday physical activity (Activity Monitor, based on accelerometry) were measured in 14 patients with meningomyelocele (8 men, 6 women; age range 14-26 years). Results: Peak VO 2 was 20-30% lower than reference values and 4 patients were obese. Level of everyday activity was related to fitness (r s = 0.65, p = 0.01) but not to body fat. Conclusion: Young patients with meningomyelocele are at risk for developing obesity and have a distinctly subnormal fitness. Level of everyday physical activity is related to fitness in this patient group.

Lay Abstract

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