INDICATORS FOR RETURN TO WORK AFTER STROKE AND THE IMPORTANCE OF WORK FOR SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING AND LIFE SATISFACTION
Monika Vestling , Bertil Tufvesson A1, Susanne Iwarsson A2
A1 Department of Rehabilitation, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
A2 Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division for Occupational Therapy, University of Lund, Sweden
A3 Department of Rehabilitation, Lund University Hospital, SE-221 85 Lund, Sweden. E-mail: Monika.Vestling@arb.lu.se
Objectives. This study focuses on the continuation of gainful employment after experiencing stroke, addressing factors indicative of readiness for return to work, subjective well-being and life satisfaction. Methods. The target group comprised 120 patients, studied by means of medical records and postal questionnaires. Results. A total of 41% had returned to work, although there were changes concerning employers, assignments and working hours. Individuals who had returned to work reported a significantly higher level in subjective well-being and life satisfaction. Being able to walk meant the greatest chance of returning to work (odds ratio = 3.98) followed by white-collar worker (odds ratio = 2.99) and having preserved cognitive capacity (odds ratio = 2.64). Conclusion. Returning to work after stroke is a major factor for high subjective well-being and life satisfaction. Three factors indicative of readiness for return to work were identified, providing implications for more efficient vocational rehabilitation programmes.
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