Content » Vol 36, Issue 44

ICF Core Sets for low back pain

Alarcos Cieza1; Gerold Stucki2; Martin Weigl3; Peter Disler4; Wilfried Jäckel5; Sjef van der Linden6; Nenad Kostanjsek7; Rob de Bie2

Volume 36, Supplement 44, Supplement 44/August 2004, pp. 69-74(6)

1: ICF Research Branch, WHO FIC Collaborating Center (DIMDI), IMBK Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich Germany 2: Department of Epidemiology Maastricht University Maastricht The Netherlands 3: Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich Germany 4: Victorian Rehabilitation Research Institute University of Melbourne and Royal Melbourne Hospital Melbourne Australia 5: Department of Quality Management and Social Medicine University of Freiburg Germany 6: Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology University Hospital Maastricht The Netherlands 7: Classification, Assessment, Surveys and Terminology Team World Health Organization Geneva Switzerland
DOI: 10.1080/16501960410016037


Objective: To report on the results of the consensus process integrating evidence from preliminary studies to develop the first version of a Comprehensive ICF Core Set and a Brief ICF Core Set for low back pain.

Methods: A formal decision-making and consensus process integrating evidence gathered from preliminary studies was followed. Preliminary studies included a Delphi exercise, a systematic review and an empirical data collection. After training in the ICF and based on these preliminary studies, relevant ICF categories were identified in a formal consensus process by international experts from different backgrounds.

Results: The preliminary studies identified a set of 503 ICF categories at the second, third and fourth ICF levels with 211 categories on body functions , 47 on body structures , 190 on activities and participation and 55 on environmental factors . Eighteen experts from 15 different countries attended the consensus conference on low back pain. Altogether 78 second-level categories were included in the Comprehensive ICF Core Set with 19 categories from the component body functions , 5 from body structures , 29 from activities and participation and 25 from environmental factors . The Brief ICF Core Set included a total of 35 second-level categories with 10 on body functions , 3 on body structures , 12 on activities and participation and 10 on environmental factors .

Conclusion: A formal consensus process integrating evidence and expert opinion based on the ICF framework and classification led to the definition of ICF Core Sets for low back pain. Both the Comprehensive ICF Core Set and the Brief ICF Core Set were defined.

Lay Abstract


Do you want to comment on this paper? The comments will show up here and if appropriate the comments will also separately be forwarded to the authors. You need to login/create an account to comment on articles. Click here to login/create an account.