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Original report

Investigation of bias due to loss of participants in a Dutch multicentre prospective spinal cord injury cohort study

doi: 10.2340/16501977-0346

Open access

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To determine bias due to loss of participants (attrition bias) in a prospective cohort study.
DESIGN: A multi-centre prospective cohort study.
SUBJECTS: A total of 225 individuals with a spinal cord injury from 8 Dutch rehabilitation centres.
METHODS: Participants were considered non-participants when no information was collected at the measurement one year after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. Using bivariate tests participants and non-participants were compared regarding personal, lesion, function and functional characteristics determined at the beginning of inpatient rehabilitation and at discharge. A logistic regression was performed to determine which characteristics predict participation at one year after discharge.
RESULTS: Of the participants at the start of the study, 31% (n = 69) did not perform the tests one year after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. Variables associated with study participation one year after discharge were: higher level of education, higher well-being score at the start of rehabilitation, and a shorter length of stay in hospital and rehabilitation centre at discharge of inpatient rehabilitation.
CONCLUSION: Selective attrition in the longitudinal study might have led to an over-estimation of some of the results of the measurement one year after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation.

Authors:

Sonja de Groot, Janneke A. Haisma, Marcel W.M. Post, Floris W.A. van Asbeck, Lucas H.V. van der Woude

References

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Volume 41, Issue 5

DOI: 10.2340/16501977-0346

Pages: 382-389

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