Content

Content - Volume 52, Issue 6

All articles

EDITORIAL
Newsletter (June 2020)
Pages: 1-3
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Early prediction of physical inactivity in 215 individuals 6 months after a mild stroke: The fall study of Gothenburg
Carina U. Persson, Per-Olof Hansson
Objective: To determine the frequency of, and factors associated with, physical inactivity 6 months post-stroke. Design: Prospective longitudinal cohort. Patients: A total of 215 consecutively included individuals with mild acute stroke from the Fall Study of Gothenburg. Methods: Physical activity level was assessed using the 4-level Saltin-Grimby Physical Activity Scale. Associations between ...
Pages: 1-8
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Efficacy of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy compared with botulinum toxin type A injection in treatment of lower extremity spasticity in subjects with cerebral palsy: A randomized, controlled, cross-over study
Xavier Vidal, Joan Martí-Fàbregas, Olga Canet, Marta Roqué, Antoni Morral, Miriam Tur, Christoph Schmitz, Mercè Sitjà-Rabert
Objectives: To investigate whether botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) injection is more effective than radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy in reducing plantar flexor muscle spasticity in subjects with cerebral palsy. Methods: A total of 68 subjects with cerebral palsy were randomly allocated to BTX-A injection (Group 1) or radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (Group 2) (first experiment; E1) ...
Pages: 1-10
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SPECIAL REPORT
Need for comprehensive management of frailty at an individual level: European perspective from the advantage joint action on frailty
Branko Gabrovec, Eleftheria Antoniadou, Dagmar Soleymani, Ewa Kadalska, Ana Maria Carriazo, Luz López Samaniego, Péter Csizmadia, Anne Hendry, Olatz Albaina Bacaicoa, Marjetka Jelenc, Špela Selak, Demi Patsios, Konstantinos Stolakis, Manolis Mentis, Fotis Papathanasopoulos, Elias Panagiotopoulos, Leocadia Rodríguez Mañas
Objectives: ADVANTAGE Joint Action is a large collaborative project co-founded by the European Commission and its Member States to build a common understanding of frailty for Member States on which to base a common management approach for older people who are frail or at risk of developing frailty. One of the key objectives of the project is presented in this paper; how to manage frailty at the in ...
Pages: 1-6
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Preliminary ICF core set for patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome in rehabilitation medicine
Indre Bileviciute-Ljungar, Marie-Louise Schult, Kristian Borg, Jan Ekholm
Objective: To create and evaluate a preliminary ICF Core Set for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome using a team-based approach. Design: Observational study. Subjects/patients: A total of 100 consecutive patients (mean age 45 years (standard deviation (SD) 9 years)) were assessed by a rehabilitation team and included in the study. Methods: A preliminary International Classific ...
Pages: 1-9
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
COVID-19 rehabilitation units are twice as expensive as regular rehabilitation units
Sandro Iannaccone, Federica Alemanno, Elise Houdayer, Luigia Brugliera, Paola Castellazzi, Domenico Cianflone, Carlo Meloni, Alberto Ambrosio, Pietro Mortini, Alfio Spina, Massimo Filippi
Objective: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant motor, cognitive, psychological, neurological and cardiological disabilities in many infected patients. Functional rehabilitation of infectious COVID-19 patients has been implemented in the acute care wards and in appropriate, ad hoc, multidisciplinary COVID-19 rehabilitation units. However, because COVID-19 rehabilitation units are a clinica ...
Pages: 1-4
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Clinical and functional differences between right and left stroke with and without contralateral spatial neglect
Sinikka Tarvonen-Schröder, Tuuli Niemi, Mari Koivisto
Objective: To examine the clinical and functional characteristics associated with contralateral spatial neglect in right compared with left subacute stroke, and to investigate the correlations between neglect severity and stroke severity, functional ability and outcome. Methods: Cross-sectional study comparing neurological impairment and disability. The same data-set was used in part 2 of this s ...
Pages: 1-8
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Comparison of functional recovery and outcome at discharge from subacute inpatient rehabilitation in patients with right or left stroke with and without contralateral spatial neglect
Sinikka Tarvonen-Schröder, Tuuli Niemi, Mari Koivisto
Objective: To compare to what extent the presence of contralateral spatial neglect affects functional recovery and outcome among patients with right or left stroke after subacute inpatient rehabilitation. Methods: Observational cohort study comparing functional improvement and outcome. The same admission data-set was used as in part 1 of this study. Results: Right and left stroke rehabilitants wi ...
Pages: 1-7
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The MAP-Hand: Psychometric properties and differences in activity performance between patients with carpometacarpal osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
Anne Therese Tveter, Nina Østerås, Randi Nossum, Ruth Else Mehl Eide, Åse Klokkeide, Karin Hoegh Matre, Monika Olsen, Øyvor Andreassen, Alison Hammond, Ingvild Kjeken
Objective: To assess construct validity (Rasch analyses) of the Measure of Activity Performance of the Hand (MAP-Hand) in people with carpometacarpal osteoarthritis (CMC1 OA), and to explore differences in activity performance between people with CMC1 OA and those with rheumatoid arthritis. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: A total of 180 people with CMC1 OA referred for surgical consulta ...
Pages: 1-6
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Diagnostic nerve block in prediction of outcome of botulinum toxin treatment for spastic equinovarus foot after stroke: A retrospective observational study
Alessandro Picelli, Elisa Battistuzzi, Mirko Filippetti, Angela Modenese, Marialuisa Gandolfi, Daniele Munari, Nicola Smania
Objective: To evaluate the role of diagnostic nerve block in predicting the outcome of subsequent botulinum toxin type A treatment for spastic equinovarus foot due to chronic stroke. Design: Retrospective observational study. Patients: Fifty chronic stroke patients with spastic equinovarus foot. Methods: Each patient was given diagnostic tibial nerve block (lidocaine 2% perineural injection) as ...
Pages: 1-5
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Abobotulinumtoxina injections in shoulder muscles to improve adult upper limb spasticity: Results from a phase 4 real-world study and a phase 3 open-label trial
Thierry Lejeune, Svetlana Khatkova, Lynne Turner-Stokes, Philippe Picaut, Pascal Maisonobe, Jovita Balcaitiene, François Constant Boyer
Botulinum toxins, such as abobotulinumtoxinA, are used to treat spasticity (muscle overactivity) in arm muscles. Spasticity in shoulder muscles occurs in many patients following a stroke. Shoulder spasticity can be painful and limit limb movement. This paper compares the results from patients who did and those who did not receive abobotulinumtoxinA injections in shoulder muscles (among other arm m ...
Pages: 1-9
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ORIGINAL REPORT
High-intensity arm resistance training does not lead to better outcomes than low-intensity resistance training in patients after subacute stroke: A randomized controlled trial
Susan Högg, Manfred Holzgraefe, Carolin Drüge, Frederik Hauschild, Christoph Herrmann, Mark Obermann, Jan Mehrholz
Objective: To describe the effects of 2 levels of intensity of arm resistance training on grip strength, arm function, activities, participation, and adverse events in patients with subacute stroke. Design: A randomized controlled and preregistered trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding and intention-to-treat analysis. Patients: Patients with subacute stroke and upper extremity hemip ...
Pages: 1-10
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