Content - Volume 52, Issue 6
Objective: To determine the frequency of, and factors associated with, physical inactivity 6 months post-stroke.
Design: Prospective longitudinal cohort.
Patients: A total of 215 consecutively included individuals with mild acute stroke from the Fall Study of Gothenburg.
Methods: Physical activity level was assessed using the 4-level Saltin-Grimby Physical Activity Scale. Associations between ...
Objectives: To investigate whether botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) injection is more effective than radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy in reducing plantar flexor muscle spasticity in subjects with cerebral palsy.
Methods: A total of 68 subjects with cerebral palsy were randomly allocated to BTX-A injection (Group 1) or radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (Group 2) (first experiment; E1) ...
Objectives: ADVANTAGE Joint Action is a large collaborative project co-founded by the European Commission and its Member States to build a common understanding of frailty for Member States on which to base a common management approach for older people who are frail or at risk of developing frailty. One of the key objectives of the project is presented in this paper; how to manage frailty at the in ...
Objective: To create and evaluate a preliminary ICF Core Set for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome using a team-based approach.
Design: Observational study.
Subjects/patients: A total of 100 consecutive patients (mean age 45 years (standard deviation (SD) 9 years)) were assessed by a rehabilitation team and included in the study.
Methods: A preliminary International Classific ...
Objective: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant motor, cognitive, psychological, neurological and cardiological disabilities in many infected patients. Functional rehabilitation of infectious COVID-19 patients has been implemented in the acute care wards and in appropriate, ad hoc, multidisciplinary COVID-19 rehabilitation units. However, because COVID-19 rehabilitation units are a clinica ...
Objective: To examine the clinical and functional characteristics associated with contralateral spatial neglect in right compared with left subacute stroke, and to investigate the correlations between neglect severity and stroke severity, functional ability and outcome.
Methods: Cross-sectional study comparing neurological impairment and disability. The same data-set was used in part 2 of this s ...
Objective: To compare to what extent the presence of contralateral spatial neglect affects functional recovery and outcome among patients with right or left stroke after subacute inpatient rehabilitation. Methods: Observational cohort study comparing functional improvement and outcome. The same admission data-set was used as in part 1 of this study.
Results: Right and left stroke rehabilitants wi ...
Objective: To assess construct validity (Rasch analyses) of the Measure of Activity Performance of the Hand (MAP-Hand) in people with carpometacarpal osteoarthritis (CMC1 OA), and to explore differences in activity performance between people with CMC1 OA and those with rheumatoid arthritis.
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Subjects: A total of 180 people with CMC1 OA referred for surgical consulta ...
Objective: To evaluate the role of diagnostic nerve block in predicting the outcome of subsequent botulinum toxin type A treatment for spastic equinovarus foot due to chronic stroke.
Design: Retrospective observational study.
Patients: Fifty chronic stroke patients with spastic equinovarus foot.
Methods: Each patient was given diagnostic tibial nerve block (lidocaine 2% perineural injection) as ...
Botulinum toxins, such as abobotulinumtoxinA, are used to treat spasticity (muscle overactivity) in arm muscles. Spasticity in shoulder muscles occurs in many patients following a stroke. Shoulder spasticity can be painful and limit limb movement. This paper compares the results from patients who did and those who did not receive abobotulinumtoxinA injections in shoulder muscles (among other arm m ...
Objective: To describe the effects of 2 levels of intensity of arm resistance training on grip strength, arm function, activities, participation, and adverse events in patients with subacute stroke.
Design: A randomized controlled and preregistered trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding and intention-to-treat analysis.
Patients: Patients with subacute stroke and upper extremity hemip ...