Content

Content - Volume 52, Issue 3

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Long-term follow-up of use of therapy services for patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury
Nada Andelic, Marit V. Forslund, Paul B. Perrin, Solrun Sigurdardottir, Juan Lu, Emilie I. Howe, Unni Sveen, Mari S. Rasmussen, Helene L. Søberg, Cecilie Røe
Objectives: To examine the probabilities and baseline predictors of the use of physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy over a period of 10 years after traumatic brain injury. Design: Longitudinal prospective follow-up at 1, 2, 5 and 10 years after traumatic brain injury. Participants: A total of 97 patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury recruited from Oslo Uni ...
Pages: 1-10
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All articles

EDITORIAL
Newsletter (March 2020)
Pages: 1-1
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Does inspiration efficiency influence the stability limits of the trunk in patients with chronic low back pain?
Regina Finta, Krisztina Boda, Edit Nagy, Tamás Bender
Objective: To determine the effects of diaphragm-strengthening training on the stability limits of the trunk and inspiratory function in patients with low back pain. Design: A randomized comparative trial including a diaphragm training group that took part in conventional training together with diaphragm strengthening, and a control group that took part in conventional training only. Both groups ...
Pages: 1-7
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Impact of spasticity on functioning in spinal cord injury: an application of graphical modelling
Cristina Ehrmann, Seyed Mahdi Mahmoudi, Birgit Prodinger, Carlotte Kiekens, Per Ertzgaard
Objective: To identify the impact of moderate-to-severe spasticity on functioning in people living with spinal cord injury. Design: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional survey data using graphical modelling. Subjects: Individuals (n = 1,436) with spinal cord injury aged over 16 years with reported spasticity problems. Methods: Spasticity and 13 other impairments in body functions were asse ...
Pages: 1-13
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Communicating and diagnosing non-specific low back pain: A qualitative study of the healthcare practitioners’ perspectives using a social diagnosis framework
Rikke Arnborg Lund, Alice Kongsted, Eva Bäcker Hansen, Corrie Myburgh
Background: There is general agreement that non-specific low back pain is best understood within a biopsychosocial understanding of health. However, clinicians and patients seemingly adhere to a biomedically derived diagnostic model, which may introduce misperceptions of pain and does not inform treatment or prognosis. Objective: To explore, from the perspective of health-care practitioners, how ...
Pages: 1-9
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Impact of whey protein isolate and eccentric training on quadriceps mass and strength in patients with anterior cruciate ligament rupture: A randomized controlled trial
Xiaoyuan Zhang, Hongshi Huang, Yuanyuan Yu, Jie Yang, Zixuan Liang, Cuiqing Chang
Objective: To examine the effects of combining whey protein isolate supplement with preoperative isokinetic eccentric training on quadriceps mass and strength following anterior cruciate ligament rupture. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Subjects: A total of 37 male subjects with anterior cruciate ligament rupture. Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to an isokinetic eccentric tr ...
Pages: 1-8
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Long-term follow-up of use of therapy services for patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury
Nada Andelic, Marit V. Forslund, Paul B. Perrin, Solrun Sigurdardottir, Juan Lu, Emilie I. Howe, Unni Sveen, Mari S. Rasmussen, Helene L. Søberg, Cecilie Røe
Objectives: To examine the probabilities and baseline predictors of the use of physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy over a period of 10 years after traumatic brain injury. Design: Longitudinal prospective follow-up at 1, 2, 5 and 10 years after traumatic brain injury. Participants: A total of 97 patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury recruited from Oslo Uni ...
Pages: 1-10
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Functional outcomes of rehabilitation in patients with subacute stroke on haemodialysis
Goro Shinjo, Yohei Otaka, Kaori Muraoka, Hiroki Ebata, Meigen Liu
Objective: To examine functional outcomes in patients with subacute stroke who are on haemodialysis. Design: Observational cohort study. Subjects: Patients with stroke who were admitted to rehabilitation wards between April 2011 and August 2016 were retrospectively enrolled. Methods: Data on the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and discharge destination were collected from medical records ...
Pages: 1-5
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Reliability of standardized ultrasound measurements of quadriceps muscle thickness in neurological critically ill patients: a comparison to computed tomography measures
Charline Tourel, Laetitia Burnol, Julien Lanoiselé, Serge Molliex, Magalie Viallon, Pierre Croisille, Jerome Morel
Objective: Muscle atrophy is frequent in critically ill patients and is associated with increased mortality and long-lasting alteration in quality of life. Muscle ultrasound has not been clearly validated in intensive care unit patients. The aim of this study was to compare the level of agreement between ultrasound and computed tomography scan for the measurement of quadriceps muscle thickness. D ...
Pages: 1-5
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Generalizability of findings from systematic reviews and meta-analyses in the Leading General Medical Journals
Antti Malmivaara
Objective: To assess how items relevant for the assessment of the generalizability of findings from randomized controlled trials were recorded in systematic reviews published in leading general medical journals. Methods: All systematic reviews and meta-analyses published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, BMJ, JAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association) and Lancet from 1 January 2016 ...
Pages: 1-7
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis in subjects with congestive heart failure undergoing cardiac rehabilitation: A decision tree analysis
Pasquale Ambrosino, Domenico Scrutinio, Maurizio De Campi, Enzo Miniero, Roberto Formisano, Giorgio Alfredo Spedicato, Gian Luca Iannuzzi, Nicola Pappone
Objective: To assess the prevalence of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis and its relationship with vascular risk factors among patients with congestive heart failure. Design: Population-based cross-sectional study. Participants: A total of 584 consecutive patients admitted to a Rehabilitative Cardiology Unit. Methods: Chi-square Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID) decision tree analys ...
Pages: 1-7
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Nutritional improvement is associated with better functional outcome in stroke rehabilitation: A cross-sectional study using controlling nutritional status
Hiroshi Kishimoto, Arito Yozu, Yutaka Kohno, Hirotaka Oose
Objective: To investigate the relationship between changes in nutritional status and the functional outcome of adult post-stroke patients hospitalized for rehabilitation. Design: A cross-sectional study. Subjects: Post-stroke patients (n = 134) who were admitted to a convalescent rehabilitation ward. Methods: On admission and discharge, the nutritional status of each subject was assessed u ...
Pages: 1-4
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Post hoc analysis of the improvement in shoulder spasticity and safety observed following treatment with incobotulinumtoxinA
Jörg Wissel, Djamel Bensmail, Astrid Scheschonka, Birgit Flatau-Baqué, Olivier Simon, Michael Althaus, David M. Simpson
Objective: The Titration study in lOWer and uppER-limb spasticity (TOWER) study (NCT01603459), evaluated incobotulinumtoxinA for upper- and lower-limb spasticity. This post hoc analysis assessed shoulder spasticity in patients who received injections into the shoulder. Methods: Subjects received 3 injection cycles with escalating incobotulinumtoxinA doses on the same side (400, 600, 600–800 U; ...
Pages: 1-7
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Factors affecting the usability of an assistive soft robotic glove after stroke or multiple sclerosis
Susanne Palmcrantz, Jeanette Plantin, Jörgen Borg
Objective: To explore the usability and effects of an assistive soft robotic glove in the home setting after stroke or multiple sclerosis. Design: A mixed methods design. Methods: Participants with stroke (n  =  10) or multiple sclerosis (n  =  10) were clinically assessed, and instructed to use the glove in activities of daily living for 6 weeks. They reported their experience o ...
Pages: 1-12
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Description of orthotic properties and effect evaluation of ankle-foot orthoses in non-spastic calf muscle weakness
Niels F.J. Waterval, Merel-Anne Brehm, Jaap Harlaar, Frans Nollet
Objective: To describe the orthotic properties and evaluate the effects of ankle-foot orthoses for calf muscle weakness in persons with non-spastic neuromuscular disorders compared with shoes-only. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: Thirty-four persons who used ankle-foot orthoses for non-spastic calf muscle weakness. Methods: The following orthotic properties were measured: ankle-foot o ...
Pages: 1-10
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