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Content - Volume 50, Issue 8

Editors choice in this issue

REVIEW ARTICLE
Critical evaluation of muscle mass loss as a prognostic marker of morbidity in critically ill patients and methods for its determination
Vera Joskova, Anna Patkova, Eduard Havel, Simona Najpaverova, Daniela Uramova, Miroslav Kovarik, Zdenek Zadak, Miloslav Hronek
Objective: Loss of muscle mass in critically ill patients is associated with serious consequences, such as prolonged mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit confinement, and higher mortality. Thus, monitoring muscle mass, and especially its decline, should provide a useful indicator of morbidity and mortality. Performing evaluations according only to body mass index is imperfect, therefo ...
Pages: 696-704
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SPECIAL REPORT
The role of Interdisciplinary Teams in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Rajiv Singh, Ayşe A. Küçükdeveci, Klemen Grabljevec, Alan Gray
The increasing complexity of healthcare provision and medical interventions requires collaboration between large numbers of health professionals. The nature of the interactions between team members determines whether the pattern of working is described as multi-, inter- or trans-disciplinary. Such team-working is an important part of the specialty of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. Grounded ...
Pages: 673-678
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Application of participation in clinical practice: Key issues
Dominique van de Velde, Marieke Coussens, Stijn De Baets, Lode Sabbe, Guy Vanderstraeten, Peter Vlerick, Lien Van Malderen, Ellen Gorus, Patricia De Vriendt
Background: Rehabilitation services are increasingly targeting involvement in daily life. In the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health this is referred to as “participation”. How-ever, questions have arisen regarding the conceptualization of participation, and consensus is lacking. Methods: The first phase of this study is a critical review of the literature to d ...
Pages: 679-695
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Critical evaluation of muscle mass loss as a prognostic marker of morbidity in critically ill patients and methods for its determination
Vera Joskova, Anna Patkova, Eduard Havel, Simona Najpaverova, Daniela Uramova, Miroslav Kovarik, Zdenek Zadak, Miloslav Hronek
Objective: Loss of muscle mass in critically ill patients is associated with serious consequences, such as prolonged mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit confinement, and higher mortality. Thus, monitoring muscle mass, and especially its decline, should provide a useful indicator of morbidity and mortality. Performing evaluations according only to body mass index is imperfect, therefo ...
Pages: 696-704
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Development and validation of a clinically applicable arm use monitor for people after stroke
Malou H.J. Fanchamps, Ruud W. Selles, Henk J. Stam, Johannes B.J Bussmann
Objective: To develop and validate a clinically applicable and easy-to-use accelerometry-based device to measure arm use in people after stroke; the Activ8 arm use monitor (Activ8-AUM). Design: Development and validation study. Patients: A total of 25 people at different stages of rehabilitation after stroke were included in this study. Methods: The Activ8-AUM consists of 3 single-sensor Activ8 ...
Pages: 705-712
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Test-retest reliability of the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (LiSat-11) and association between items in individuals with chronic stroke
Elisabeth Ekstrand, Jan Lexell, Christina Brogårdh
Objective: To evaluate the test–retest reliability of the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (LiSat-11) and the association between items in individuals with chronic stroke. Design: Test–retest design. Subjects: Forty-five individuals (mean age 65 years) with mild to moderate disability at least 6 months post-stroke. Methods: LiSat-11, which includes 1 global item ”Life as a whole” and 10 ...
Pages: 713-718
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Influence of functional electrical stimulation of the hamstrings on knee kinematics in stroke survivors walking with stiff knee gait
Martin J. B. Tenniglo, Jaap H. Buurke, Erik C. Prinsen, Anke I. R. Kottink, Anand V. Nene, Johan S. Rietman
Objective: To explore whether functional electrical stimulation of the hamstrings results in improved knee kinematics in chronic stroke survivors walking with a stiff knee gait. Design: Quasi-experimental. Subjects: Sixteen adult chronic stroke survivors. Methods: Survivors received functional electrical stimulation of the hamstrings, 3 times a week for 1 h during a period of 5 weeks. 3D kinem ...
Pages: 719-724
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Relationship between fatigue after acquired brain injury and depression, injury localization and aetiology: An explorative study in a rehabilitation setting
Anna Holmqvist, Märta Berthold Lindstedt, Marika C. Möller
Objective: Fatigue after acquired brain injury may be related to the subcortico-frontal attention network. Depression is also strongly related to fatigue. This study investigates whether injury localization, diagnosis and depression are related to self-rated mental fatigue in patients with an acquired brain injury. Design: Retrospective cross-sectional cohort study. Subjects: Sixty-one patients ...
Pages: 725-731
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Intramuscular botulinum toxin prior to comprehensive rehabilitation has no added value for improving motor impairments, gait kinematics and goal attainment in walking children with spastic cerebral palsy
Fabienne Schasfoort, Robert Pangalila, Emiel M. Sneekes, Coriene Catsman, Jules Becher, Herwin Horemans, Henk J. Stam, Annet J. Dallmeijer, Johannes B.J Bussmann
Objective: Botulinum toxin (BoNT-A) is widely used in combined treatment for spastic cerebral palsy, but its added value preceding comprehensive rehabilitation for motor impairments, gait, and goal attainment has not been studied. Design: A comparative multi-centre trial, in which two groups underwent comprehensive rehabilitation (i.e. high-intensive functional physiotherapy, and indicated cas ...
Pages: 732-742
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Resistance training vs general physical exercise in multidisciplinary rehabilitation of chronic neck pain: A randomized controlled trial
Vegard Moe Iversen, Ottar Vasseljen, Paul Jarle Mork, Marius Steiro Fimland
Objective: To investigate whether progressive resistance training using elastic resistance bands improves neck-related disability more than general physical exercise in multidisciplinary rehabilitation of chronic neck pain. Design: Researcher-blinded, randomized controlled trial. Methods: A total of 59 patients with non-specific, chronic neck pain (mean age 46 years, disability (Neck Disabilit ...
Pages: 743-750
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Progressive resistance training in patients with hip dysplasia: A feasibility study
Louise Mortensen, Jeppe Schultz, Anton Elsner, Stig S. Jakobsen, Kjeld Søballe, Julie S. Jacobsen, Signe Kierkegaard, Ulrik Dalgas, Inger Mechlenburg
Objectives: To examine whether progressive resistance training is feasible in patients with symptomatic hip dysplasia scheduled for periacetabular osteotomy. A secondary objective was to investigate patient-reported outcomes, functional performance and hip muscle strength. Design: Feasibility study. Patients and methods: Seventeen patients (median age 28 years, range 22–40 years) performed 8 w ...
Pages: 751-758
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Test–re-test reliability of quadriceps muscle strength measures in people with more severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Andre Nyberg, Didier Saey, Mickaël Martin, François Maltais
Objective: To investigate the interday test–retest reliability of volitional and non-volitional measurements of isometric quadriceps strength using a strain-gauge in people with severe to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Design: Cross-sectional study. Volitional quadriceps measurements consisted of isometric maximal voluntary contractions. Non-volitional measurements were obta ...
Pages: 759-764
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Epidemiological study of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis using low/non-radiation screening methodology
Fu-Jun Luan, Jun Zhang, Hai-Qiang Wang
Missing (Letter)
Pages: 765-766
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