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Content - Volume 50, Issue 2

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Aerobic capacity explains physical functioning and participation in patients with multiple sclerosis-related fatigue
Emma Rosalie Driehuis, Lizanne Eva van den Akker, Vincent de Groot, Heleen Beckerman
Objective: To investigate whether aerobic capacity explains the level of self-reported physical activity, physical functioning, and participation and autonomy in daily living in persons with multiple sclerosis-related fatigue. Design: A cross-sectional study. Patients: Sixty-two participants with multiple sclerosis-related fatigue. Methods: Aerobic capacity was measured with a leg ergometer ...
Pages: 185-192
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses provide equivalent therapeutic effects on foot drop: A meta-analysis providing direction for future research
Sarah Prenton, Kristen L. Hollands, Laurence P.J. Kenney, Pornsuree Onmanee
Objective: To compare the randomized controlled trial evidence for therapeutic effects on walking of functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses for foot drop caused by central nervous system conditions. Data sources: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, REHABDATA, PEDro, NIHR Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, Scopus and clinicaltrials.gov. Study sel ...
Pages: 129-139
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Factors associated with upper leg muscle strength in knee osteoarthritis: A scoping review
Arjan H de Zwart, Joost Dekker, Willem Lems, Leo D. Roorda, Martin van der Esch, Marike van der Leeden
Objective: Muscle weakness is common and strongly related to clinical outcome in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis. To date, there is no clear overview of the information on factors associated with muscle strength in knee and hip osteoarthritis. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of current knowledge on factors associated with upper leg muscle strength in this population. Desi ...
Pages: 140-150
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SPECIAL REPORT
The challenges of describing rehabilitation services: A discussion paper
Cecilie Røe, Marit Kirkevold, Nada Andelic, Helene L. Soberg, Unni Sveen, Erik Bautz-Holter, Reidun Jahnsen, Marleen R. van Walsem, Line Kildal Bragstad, Ellen Gabrielsen Hjelle, Gunvor Klevberg, Per Oretorp, Andreas Habberstad, Jon Hagfors, Randi Væhle, Grace Engen, Christoph Gutenbrunner
To apply the Classification of Service Organization in Rehabilitation (ICSO-R) classification of services to different target groups, include the user perspective, identify missing categories, and propose standardized descriptors for the categories from a Norwegian perspective. Expert-based consensus conferences with user involvement. Health professionals, stakeholders and users. Participant ...
Pages: 151-158
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Kinaesthetic ability training improves unilateral neglect and functional outcome in patients with stroke: A randomized control trial
Sehim Kutlay, Aysun Genç, Haydar Gök, Derya Öztuna, Ayşe A. Küçükdeveci
Objective: To investigate the effects of kinaesthetic ability training with the Kinesthetic Ability Trainer (KAT) on unilateral neglect and functional outcomes in stroke patients. Study design: An assessor-blinded, randomized controlled, clinical trial. Methods: A total of 64 stroke patients with unilateral neglect (mean age 61 (standard deviation (SD) 12) years, 60.4% male, mean time since str ...
Pages: 159-164
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Validation of the Early Functional Abilities scale: An assessment of four dimensions in early recovery after traumatic brain injury
Ingrid Poulsen, Svend Kreiner, Aase W. Engberg
Objective: The Early Functional Abilities scale assesses the restoration of brain function after brain injury, based on 4 dimensions. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the validity, objectivity, reliability and measurement precision of the Early Functional Abilities scale by Rasch model item analysis. A secondary objective was to examine the relationship between the Early Functio ...
Pages: 165-172
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Respiratory, cardiovascular and metabolic responses during different modes of overground bionic ambulation in persons with motor-incomplete spinal cord injury: A case series
Jochen Kressler, Tracie Wymer, Antoinette Domingo
Objective: To investigate the effects of overground bionic ambulation with variable assistance on cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses in persons with motor-incomplete spinal cord injury. Design: Case series. Subjects: Four participants with chronic, motor-incomplete spinal cord injury. Methods: Subjects completed a maximal graded exercise test on an arm-ergometer and 3 6-min bouts of over ...
Pages: 173-180
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Bladder irrigation with Chlorhexidine reduces bacteriuria in persons with spinal cord injury
Madeleine Wikström, Richard Levi, Wolfram Antepohl
Objective: To explore whether bladder irrigation with chlorhexidine: (i) can reduce bacteriuria, and (ii) is a practically feasible option in subjects with spinal cord injury practicing intermittent self-catheterization. Design: A prospective, non-controlled, open, multi-centre study. Methods: Fifty patients with spinal cord injury, practicing intermittent self-catheterization, with a history o ...
Pages: 181-184
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Aerobic capacity explains physical functioning and participation in patients with multiple sclerosis-related fatigue
Emma Rosalie Driehuis, Lizanne Eva van den Akker, Vincent de Groot, Heleen Beckerman
Objective: To investigate whether aerobic capacity explains the level of self-reported physical activity, physical functioning, and participation and autonomy in daily living in persons with multiple sclerosis-related fatigue. Design: A cross-sectional study. Patients: Sixty-two participants with multiple sclerosis-related fatigue. Methods: Aerobic capacity was measured with a leg ergometer ...
Pages: 185-192
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Predictors of return-to-work in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain: A randomized clinical trial
Randi Brendbekken, Arild Vaktskjold, Anette Harris, Tone Tangen
Objective: To assess the predictive effect of a multidisciplinary intervention programme, pain, work-related factors and health, including anxiety/depression and beliefs, on return-to-work for patients sick-listed due to musculoskeletal pain. Design: A randomized clinical study. Methods: A total of 284 patients were randomized to either a multidisciplinary intervention programme (n = 141) ...
Pages: 193-199
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effectiveness of ultrasound-guided vs direct approach corticosteroid injections for carpal tunnel syndrome: A double-blind randomized controlled trial
Po-Cheng Chen, Lin-Yi Wang, Ya-Ping Pong, Yi-Jung Hsin, Mei-Yun Liaw, Chia-Wei Chiang
Objective: To compare the outcomes of ultrasound-guided vs direct approach corticosteroid injection in patients with idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome. Methods: A double-blind randomized controlled study. Wrists affected by carpal tunnel syndrome were randomized to the ultrasound-guided (n = 22 wrists) or direct approach injection group (n = 17 wrists) before receiving 1 ml Betamethasone. ...
Pages: 200-208
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Sensory impairments and wrist fractures: A case-control study
Bergthora Baldursdottir, Hannes Petersen, Palmi V. Jonsson, Brynjolfur Mogensen, Susan L. Whitney, Alfons Ramel, Ella K. Kristinsdóttir
Objectives: To investigate vestibular function, foot sensation, postural control and functional abilities, and to evaluate whether these variables are associated with fall-related wrist fracture. Methods: A case-control study was conducted with 98 subjects, age range 50–75 years, who had sustained a fall-related wrist fracture. Forty-eight sex-, age- and physical activity-matched individuals, ...
Pages: 209-215
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ORIGINAL REPORT
External validation of approaches to prediction of falls during hospital rehabilitation stays and development of a new simpler tool
Angela Vratsistas-Curto, Anne Tiedemann, Daniel Treacy, Stephen R. Lord, Cathie Sherrington
Objectives: To test the external validity of 4 approaches to fall prediction in a rehabilitation setting (Predict_FIRST, Ontario Modified STRATIFY (OMS), physiotherapists’ judgement of fall risk (PT_Risk), and falls in the past year (Past_Falls)), and to develop and test the validity of a simpler tool for fall prediction in rehabilitation (Predict_CM2). Participants: A total of 300 consecutivel ...
Pages: 216-222
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