Content

Content - Volume 50, Issue 1

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Value of botulinum toxin injections preceding a comprehensive rehabilitation period for children with spastic cerebral palsy: A cost-effectiveness study
Fabienne Schasfoort, Annet Dallmeijer, Robert Pangalila, Coriene Catsman, Henk Stam, Jules Becher, Ewout Steyerberg, Suzanne Polinder, Johannes Bussmann
Objective: Despite the widespread use of botulinum toxin in ambulatory children with spastic cerebral palsy, its value prior to intensive physiotherapy with adjunctive casting/orthoses remains unclear. Design: A pragmatically designed, multi-centre trial, comparing the effectiveness of botulinum toxin + intensive physiotherapy with intensive physiotherapy alone, including economic evaluation. ...
Pages: 22-29
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All articles

EDITORIAL
A time for change!
Henk Stam, Kristian Borg and Agneta Andersson
Missing (Editorial)
Pages: 1-2
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Influence of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on spasticity, balance, and walking speed in stroke patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Shuqin Lin, Qi Sun, Haifeng Wang, Guomin Xie
Objective: To evaluate the influence of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in patients with stroke through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, EBSCO, and Cochrane Library databases were searched systematically. Randomized controlled trials assessing the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation vs placebo transcutaneous electrical n ...
Pages: 3-7
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Mirror therapy for motor function of the upper extremity in patients with stroke: A meta-analysis
Wen Zeng, Yonghong Guo, Guofeng Wu, Xueyan Liu, Qian Fang
Objective: To evaluate the mean treatment effect of mirror therapy on motor function of the upper extremity in patients with stroke. Data sources: Electronic databases, including the Cochrane Library, PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase and CNKSystematic, were searched for relevant studies published in English between 1 January 2007 and 22 June 2017. Study selection: Randomized controlled trials and pilot ...
Pages: 8-15
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Reliability and convergent validity of the five-step test in people with chronic stroke
Shamay S.M. Ng, Mimi M.Y. Tse , Eric W.C. Tam, Cynthia Y.Y. Lai
Objectives: (i) To estimate the intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliabilities of the Five-Step Test (FST), as well as the minimum detectable change in FST completion times in people with stroke. (ii) To estimate the convergent validity of the FST with other measures of stroke-specific impairments. (iii) To identify the best cut-off times for distinguishing FST performance in people with s ...
Pages: 16-21
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Value of botulinum toxin injections preceding a comprehensive rehabilitation period for children with spastic cerebral palsy: A cost-effectiveness study
Fabienne Schasfoort, Annet Dallmeijer, Robert Pangalila, Coriene Catsman, Henk Stam, Jules Becher, Ewout Steyerberg, Suzanne Polinder, Johannes Bussmann
Objective: Despite the widespread use of botulinum toxin in ambulatory children with spastic cerebral palsy, its value prior to intensive physiotherapy with adjunctive casting/orthoses remains unclear. Design: A pragmatically designed, multi-centre trial, comparing the effectiveness of botulinum toxin + intensive physiotherapy with intensive physiotherapy alone, including economic evaluation. ...
Pages: 22-29
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Ankle passive and active movement training in children with acute brain injury using a wearable robot
Kai Chen, Bo Xiong, Yupeng Ren, Assaf Y. Dvorkin, Deboah Gaebler-Spira, Charles E. Sisung, Li-Qun Zhang
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of a wearable robotic device in guiding isometric torque generation and passive-active movement training for ankle motor recovery in children with acute brain injury. Participants/setting: Ten inpatient children with acute brain injury being treated in a rehabilitation hospital. Design: Daily robot-guided ankle passive-active movement the ...
Pages: 30-36
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Berg Balance Scale score at admission can predict walking suitable for community ambulation at discharge from inpatient stroke rehabilitation
Dennis R. Louie, Janice J. Eng
Objective: This retrospective cohort study identified inpatient rehabilitation admission variables that predict walking ability at discharge and established Berg Balance Scale cut-off scores to predict the extent of improvement in walking. Methods: Participants (n=123) were assessed for various cognitive and physical outcomes at admission to inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Multivariate logistic ...
Pages: 37-44
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Upper-limb sensory impairments after stroke: Self-reported experiences of daily life and rehabilitation
Håkan Carlsson, Gunvor Gard, Christina Brogårdh
Objective: To describe stroke survivors’ experiences of sensory impairment in the upper limb, the influence of such impairment on daily life, coping strategies used, and sensory training for the affected hand. Design: A qualitative study with a content analysis approach. Subjects: Fifteen post-stroke patients interviewed individually. Results: Five categories emerged from the data: “Chan ...
Pages: 45-51
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Feasibility of task-specific brain-machine interface training for upper-extremity paralysis in patients with chronic hemiparetic stroke
Atsuko Nishimoto, Michiyuki Kawakami, Toshiyuki Fujiwara, Miho Hiramoto, Kaoru Honaga, Kaoru Abe, Katsuhiro Mizuno, Junichi Ushiba, Meigen Liu
Objective: Brain-machine interface training was developed for upper-extremity rehabilitation for patients with severe hemiparesis. Its clinical application, however, has been limited because of its lack of feasibility in real-world rehabilitation settings. We developed a new compact task-specific brain-machine interface system that enables task-specific training, including reach-and-grasp tasks, a ...
Pages: 52-58
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Adaptations of fatigue and fatigability after a short intensive, combined rehabilitation program in patients with multiple sclerosis
Sophie Hameau, Djamel Bensmail, Nicolas Roche, Raphael Zory
Objective: Fatigue and fatigability are common problems in patients with multiple sclerosis, which might be improved by rehabilitation. The aim of this pilot study was to assess changes in the fatigue and fatigability of knee extensors in patients with multiple sclerosis after a short intensive, combined rehabilitation programme (including physiotherapy primarily focused on gait and balance, endur ...
Pages: 59-66
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Proprioception mediates the association between systemic inflammation and muscle weakness in patients with knee osteoarthritis: Results from the Amsterdam Osteoarthritis cohort
Tomasz Cudejko, Martin van der Esch, Marike van der Leeden, Jasmijn Holla, Leo D. Roorda, Willem Lems, Joost Dekker
Objectives: To determine whether systemic inflammation is associated with poor proprioception; to confirm that systemic inflammation is associated with muscle weakness; and to determine whether poor proprioception mediates the association between systemic inflammation and muscle weakness in knee osteoarthritis. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: A total of 689 participants with knee oste ...
Pages: 67-72
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ORIGINAL REPORT
”The acceptance” of living with chronic pain – an ongoing process: A qualitative study of patient experiences of multimodal rehabilitation in primary care
Elisabeth Pietilä Holmner, Britt-Marie Stålnacke, Paul Enthoven, Gunilla Stenberg
Objective: To explore patient experiences of participating in multimodal pain rehabilitation in primary care. Subjects: Twelve former patients (7 women and 5 men) in multimodal rehabilitation in primary care were interviewed about their experiences of multimodal rehabilitation. Methods: The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results: Analysis resulted in 4 categories: ...
Pages: 73-79
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of Pilates and yoga in patients with chronic neck pain: A sonographic study
Naime Uluğ, Öznur Tunca Yılmaz, Murat Kara, Levent Özçakar
Background: Various studies have shown the efficacy of conventional isometric, Pilates and yoga exercises. However, data on the effects and comparison of these specific exercises on the cervical muscle morphology are insufficient or lacking. Objective: To investigate the effects of different exercise treatments on neck muscles in patients with chronic neck pain. Design: A randomized study. Met ...
Pages: 80-85
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Social relationships in rehabilitation and their impact on positive outcomes among amputees with lower limb loss at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
Seth Messinger, Sayeh Bozorghadad, Paul Pasquina
Objective: To explore how the social context of the clinic influenced the way former patients with lower limb loss in the Military Advanced Training Center at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center evaluated their outcomes. Design: Cross-sectional phenomenological-based interviews and observations. Patients: Twenty individuals with lower limb amputation were recruited from a multidisciplin ...
Pages: 86-93
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BOOK REVIEW
Essential Guide to the Cervical Spine. Clinical Syndromes and Manipulative Approaches
Gunilla Brodda Jansen
Missing (Bookreview)
Page: 96
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