Content

Content - Volume 31, Issue 2

All articles

Movement and muscle activity pattern in wheelchair ambulation by persons with para-and tetraplegia
Schantz P, Björkman P, Sandberg M, Andersson E
The patterns of movement and muscle activation in wheelchair ambulation have been studied in two groups: subjects with paraplegia (n = 4) and tetraplegia (n = 3). All subjects were physically active and experienced wheelchair users. The tests were done in the subjects' own wheelchairs and under free-wheeling conditions. The tasks studied were: self-chosen normal velocity, maximal velocity and maxi ...
Pages: 67-76
Abstract  PDF
Restoring normal gait after limb salvage procedures in malignant bone tumours of the knee
Kawamura H1, Fuchioka S, Inoue S, Kuratsu S, Yoshikawa H, Katou K, Uchida A
Eleven patients exhibiting decreased strength of knee extension following wide resection and prosthetic reconstruction for malignant bone tumors of the knee performed gait exercises with compensatory muscle training. Two patients whose knee extension strength was assessed as manual muscle test (MMT) grade 4 were able to develop a gait with double knee action and to maneuver stairs, step-by-step, d ...
Pages: 77-81
Abstract  PDF
A cross-validation of the comprehensive assessment of activities of daily living after stroke
Hsieh CL, Hsueh IP.
This study aimed to determine whether the Frenchay Activities Index and the Barthel Index assess different factors in stroke patients who survive for more than one year. The Frenchay Activities Index and the Barthel Index were administered via telephone interview. One hundred and twenty-four patients from the community participated in the study. All items of the Barthel Index and the Frenchay Acti ...
Pages: 83-88
Abstract  PDF
Pressure pain thresholds in different tissues in one body region. The influence of skin sensitivity in pressure algometry
Kosek E, Ekholm J, Hansson P.
This study aimed at determining whether there are differences in pressure pain sensitivity in different tissues in the same body region when systematically assessed, before and after skin hypoesthesia. Pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) were assessed bilaterally in 15 healthy females at the bony part of the epicondylus lateralis humeri, at the belly of m. extensor carpi ulnaris and at m. brachioradia ...
Pages: 89-93
Abstract  PDF
The American Paediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). Applicability of PEDI in Sweden for children aged 2.0-6.9 years
Nordmark E, Orban K, Hägglund G, Jarnlo GB
The patterns of movement and muscle activation in wheelchair ambulation have been studied in two groups: subjects with paraplegia (n = 4) and tetraplegia (n = 3). All subjects were physically active and experienced wheelchair users. The tests were done in the subjects' own wheelchairs and under free-wheeling conditions. The tasks studied were: self-chosen normal velocity, maximal velocity and maxi ...
Pages: 95-100
Abstract  PDF
Effects of organized aerobic group training in elderly patients discharged after an acute coronary syndrome. A randomized controlled study
Ståhle A, Nordlander R, Rydén L, Mattsson E
The aim of this study was to compare the physiological effects of an individually adjusted outpatient group training programme to the standardized recommendations of walking in elderly patients (>65 years) discharged after an acute coronary episode. In all, 101 patients, 20 women and 81 men, aged 65-84 (mean 71) years, were randomized either to a supervised outpatient group training programme duri ...
Pages: 101-107
Abstract  PDF
Effects of an exercise programme on organizational/psychosocial and physical work conditions, and psychosomatic symptoms
Skargren E, Oberg B
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a weekly exercise programme among nursing staff on organizational/psychosocial and physical work conditions, and psychosomatic symptoms. Out of 106 nurses and nursing aides from four geriatric wards who were invited to participate in a cross-over study, 86 accepted. For the exercise periods the staff were invited to participate in an exercise pro ...
Pages: 109-115
Abstract  PDF
Reduction of visuo-spatial neglect with vestibular galvanic stimulation.
Rorsman I, Magnusson M, Johansson BB
The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the effect of galvanic vestibular stimulation on visuo-spatial neglect without inducing nystagmus and associated discomfort. Fourteen patients with right-hemisphere stroke with neglect were assessed with two visuo-motor tasks ("Line crossing" and "Star cancellation") on three occasions. Seven of the subjects received galvanic vestibular sti ...
Pages: 117-124
Abstract  PDF
Effects of the Resident Assessment Instrument on the care process and health outcomes in nursing homes. A review of the literature
Achterberg WP, van Campen C, Pot AM, Kerkstra A, Ribbe MW
The objective of the paper is to review the effects of the implementation of the Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI) on process measures (quality of care plans and staff satisfaction) and outcome measures (health problems and quality of life) in nursing homes. All available publications on the effects of the RAI were included in the review. The most positive effects of the RAI were found in impro ...
Pages: 131-137
Abstract  PDF
Advertisement