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Content - Volume 24, Issue 1

All articles

ORIGINAL REPORT
Trunk muscle strength and back muscle endurance in construction workers with and without low back disorders
Holmström E, Moritz U, Andersson M.
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that male workers exposed to heavy work and with no lifetime history of a low back disorder (group A) have better trunk muscle strength and back muscle endurance compared to male workers with the same work exposure but with a probable (group B) or definite low back disorder (group C). Group A (n = 42) was clinically negative on physical examination. ...
Pages: 3-10
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
The effect of shoulder muscle training in patients with recurrent shoulder dislocations
Broström LA, Kronberg M, Németh G, Oxelbäck U
Thirty-three shoulders in 29 patients with recurrent shoulder dislocations, of both traumatic and nontraumatic type, have been studied. The patients suffered from muscle weakness, and had also a hypotrophy of the supra- and infraspinatus muscles. A special training program using an isokinetic pulley-weight apparatus, for muscle strength, coordination and endurance training of the rotator-cuff musc ...
Pages: 11-15
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
A computerized wheelchair ergometer. Results of a comparison study
Veeger HE, van der Woude LH, Rozendal RH
To determine the validity of propulsion simulation on a stationary wheelchair ergometer, nine male able-bodied subjects performed submaximal exercise tests on the ergometer and on a motor driven treadmill (MDT). Oxygen uptake, ventilation and stroke parameters were equal for both devices, but heart rate was lower and trunk movement was less for the ergometer test. Analysis of forces and power outp ...
Pages: 17-23
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Age related changes in surface myoelectric signals
Merletti R, Lo Conte LR, Cisari C, Actis MV
The initial values and the time course of muscle fiber conduction velocity and of surface myoelectric signal spectral variables were studied during voluntary or electrically elicited contractions of the tibialis anterior muscle of 15 healthy elderly human subjects. Age ranged from 65 to 84 years. Isometric voluntary contractions were performed at 20% MVC (Maximal Voluntary Contraction) and 80% MVC ...
Pages: 25-36
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Post-polio lung function
Blomstrand A, Bake B
Post-polio patients sometimes complain about the occurrence of breathing difficulties decades after the polio infection. We have examined 40 post-polio patients who have had respiratory or non-respiratory poliomyelitis for at least 30 years in an attempt to elucidate whether hypoventilation is common and to what extent certain symptoms and simple lung function tests are related to hypoventilation ...
Pages: 43-49
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Low energy high frequency pulsed electromagnetic therapy for acute whiplash injuries. A double blind randomized controlled study.
Foley-Nolan D, Moore K, Codd M, Barry C, O'Connor P, Coughlan RJ.
The standard treatment of acute whiplash injuries (soft collar and analgesia) is frequently unsuccessful. Pulsed electromagnetic therapy PEMT (as pulsed 27 MHz) has been shown to have pro-healing and anti-inflammatory effects. This study examines the effect of PEMT on the acute whiplash syndrome. One half of the 40 patients entering the study received active PEMT collars: the other half facsimile ...
Pages: 51-59
Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Mucus clearance at rest and during exercise in patients with bronchial hypersecretion
Olséni L, Midgren B, Wollmer P.
The purpose of this study was to measure the effects on mucus clearance after physical exercise. We measured mucociliary clearance at rest and during exercise in eleven patients with mild or moderate bronchial hypersecretion. The subjects inhaled an aerosol containing 99mTc-labelled albumin millimicrospheres. Four sets of scintigraphic images were obtained with 15 minute intervals. The lung retent ...
Pages: 61-64
Abstract  PDF
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