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Mirror therapy for distal radial fractures: A pilot randomized controlled study

Manuel Bayon-Calatayud, Ana Maria Benavente-Valdepeñas, Maria del Prado Vazquez-Muñoz
Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hospital Virgen de la Salud, Servicio de Salud de Castilla- La Mancha, (SESCAM), Toledo, Spain. E-mail:
DOI: 10.2340/16501977-2130


To investigate the efficacy of mirror therapy in reducing pain and disability in patients with distal radial fractures.
Pilot randomized controlled study.
Twenty-two patients with closed distal radial fracture.
Patients were randomly assigned to experimental (= 11) or control (= 11) groups. Researchers were blinded to group allocation. Both groups received conventional physiotherapy. In addition, the experimental group had 15 sessions of mirror therapy (a daily session, 30 min). The control group received the same amount of conventional occupational therapy. Assessment was made from baseline to post-treatment. Pain was measured on a visual analogue scale (VAS). Active wrist extension and Quick-DASH (Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand) were used to assess functional recovery.
Pain, disability, and range of motion improved for both groups after intervention. No significant post-treatment differences were found between groups in Quick-DASH (= 0. 409), active wrist extension (= 0. 191) and VAS scores (= 0. 807).
There was no significant difference in active wrist extension between groups. Mirror therapy was not superior to conventional occupational therapy in reducing pain and disability.

Lay Abstract


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