THE PROCESS OF VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION FOR EMPLOYED AND UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE ON SICK-LEAVE: EMPLOYED PEOPLE VS UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE IN STOCKHOLM COMPARED WITH CIRCUMSTANCES IN RURAL JÄMTLAND, SWEDEN
John Selander, Sven-Uno Marnetoft, Alf Bergroth and Jan Ekholm
The likelihood that a period of sick-leave will result in a temporary disability pension is about three times greater for unemployed people than for those with jobs. The aim of this study was 1) to compare the vocational rehabilitation of the employed with the rehabilitation of the unemployed in the city of Stock- holm and 2) to compare the results with previous results from rural Ja ̈mtland. The study was based on 156 matched cases on long-term sick-leave (90 days or more) initiated during 1992 and 1993. Two inclusion criteria were that the diagnoses should indicate low-back pain or problems in the neck/shoulders, and that the patients should be below 58 years of age. Our hypothesis was that the unemployed were disregarded in vocational rehabilitation. The results confirm this in that rehabi- litation plans are not established to the same extent for the unemployed as for the employed. Against our hypothesis, however, no difference exists in rehabilita- tion impulse, rehabilitation investigation or rehabilita- tion measures received. The major finding of the study is, instead, that rehabilitation in general seems beset with problems. Rehabilitation activities seem far too few and initiated unnecessarily late. Neither the employers nor the social insurance offices seem to be fulfilling their statutory duties. The results of the study correspond well with the results previously found in rural Jämtland
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