A New Calcipotriol/Betamethasone Formulation with Rapid Onset of Action was Superior to Monotherapy with Betamethasone Dipropionate or Calcipotriol in Psoriasis Vulgaris
In this study, we compared a new combination ointment containing both calcipotriol and betamethasone dipropionate with betamethasone dipropionate ointment (Diprosone®) and calcipotriol ointment (Daivonex®) in patients with psoriasis vulgaris; 1106 patients were randomized to twice daily double-blind treatment with combination, betamethasone dipropionate or calcipotriol for 4 weeks. Patients then received twice daily calcipotriol, unblinded, for a further 4 weeks. Mean percentage change in PASI at end of the double-blind phase was -74.4 (combination group), -61.3 (betamethasone group) and -55.3 (calcipotriol group). Mean difference (95% CI) combination-betamethasone was -13.1 (-16.9 to -9.3, p < 0.001) and for combination-calcipotriol -19.(-22.8 to -15.2, p < 0.001). The differences in PASI were also statistically significant after 1 week. In the double-blind phase, 8.1% of patients (combination) reported lesional/perilesional adverse reactions compared to 4.7% (betamethasone) and 12.0% (calcipotriol). In the combination group, mean PASI at the end of the double-blind phase was 2.5, and at end of the unblinded phase 3.6, compared with 3.9 and 4.1 (betamethasone) and 4.4 and 3.7 (calcipotriol). Calcipotriol/betamethasone combination is more effective and has a more rapid onset of action than either active constituent used alone, and is well tolerated. It is safe to transfer patients from combination to calcipotriol, with maintenance of clinical effect.